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Perovskite Solar Cells

Perovskite Solar Cells mind map
Recent News
Inverted Cell Breaks Record
25% Efficiency
Northwestern University Research
Lead-Free Cell by NIT Silchar
31.57% Efficiency
Formamidinium Tin Iodide
Bifacial Cells for Indoors
30.3% Efficiency
Under LED Light
Tandem Perovskite-Silicon
28.4% Efficiency
By CEA-INES, Enel
When
Records in 2023
Why
High Efficiency
Lower Cost
Flexible Manufacturing
What
Solar Cells
Perovskite-Structured Compound
Lead or Tin Halide-Based
Efficiency Growth
3.8% in 2009 to 25.7% in 2021
Manufacturing
Cheaper
Simpler Process
How
Photovoltaic Effect
Electrons Excited by Photons
Electron-Hole Pair Creation
Layer Structure
Perovskite Active Layer
Multiple Layer Cells
Indian Context
NIT Silchar Research
Lead-Free Perovskite Cell
High Efficiency
Bifacial Cells
Suitable for Indoors
High Efficiency
Where
Global Development
Northwestern University, USA
CEA-INES, Enel, Europe
Indian Development
NIT Silchar, Assam
Who
Researchers
Ted Sargent
Teams at Northwestern, EPFL
Organizations
Northwestern University
EPFL
NIT Silchar
Pros
High Efficiency
Over 25%
Low Cost
Cheaper than Silicon Cells
Flexibility in Manufacturing
Various Techniques
Cons
Stability Issues
Deterioration Under Light and Heat
Material Concerns
Use of Toxic Lead
Environmental Impact
Way Forward
Stability Improvement
Encapsulation Techniques
Composition Fine-Tuning
Tandem Cell Development
Combining with Silicon
Higher Efficiency Potential

Perovskite Solar Cells (PSCs) are an emerging technology in the field of photovoltaics, characterized by their use of a perovskite-structured compound, usually a hybrid organic-inorganic lead or tin halide-based material, as the light-harvesting active layer. Recent advancements have seen these cells achieve record-breaking efficiencies, surpassing 25%, making them a highly promising alternative to traditional silicon-based solar cells. Researchers worldwide, including those in India, are actively developing more efficient and stable PSCs. The primary advantages of PSCs include their high efficiency, lower production costs, and simpler manufacturing processes compared to silicon solar cells. However, challenges remain in terms of their long-term stability and the use of toxic materials like lead. The future of PSCs looks promising with ongoing research aimed at overcoming these challenges, particularly through the development of tandem cells that combine perovskite and silicon layers for even higher efficiency.

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