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Compressed Biogas (CBG)

Compressed Biogas (CBG) mind map
Recent Developments (Nov 2023)
Mandatory blending
In CNG and PNG
Starts FY 2025-26
Phased manner
1% in FY 2025-26
3% in FY 2027
4% in FY 2028
5% from FY 2029 onwards
Central Repository Body (CRB)
Monitors and implements blending mandate
Objectives
Stimulate CBG demand in CGD sector
Reduce LNG imports
Save foreign exchange
Promote circular economy
Contribute to net-zero emission target
Investments and Projects
Rs 37,500 crore investment expected
750 CBG projects by FY 2029
National Biofuels Coordination Committee (NBCC)
Approved decision
Chaired by Petroleum Minister
Hardeep Singh Puri
Targets
Transportation sector
Domestic sector
Definition
Biogas from biomass decomposition
Precursor to CBG production
Over 90% methane content
Sources
Agricultural residue
Cattle dung
Sugarcane press mud
Municipal solid waste
Sewage treatment plant waste
Comparison
Resembles natural gas
Similar energy potential
Government Initiatives
SATAT scheme (2018)
Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation
Aimed to establish 5000 CBG plants by 2023
Slow progress
Only 48 CBG units set up
Aimed to produce 15 million tonnes of CBG
Parliamentary Standing Committee Recommendations
Concerned about sluggish CBG progress
Suggested financial assistance
For entrepreneurs establishing CBG units
Urged public sector investment
To demonstrate viability
Instill investor confidence
Global Context
India's initiatives
Among world's largest importers of oil and gas
Aims to reduce fuel import bill
Ethanol blending
Achieved 10% blending before Nov 2022 target
Advanced 20% ethanol blending target to 2025
Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) targets
1% by 2027 for domestic flights
2% by 2028 for international flights

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