V-Dem Institute’s Democracy Report 2024

V-Dem Institute’s Democracy Report 2024 mind map
Recent News
Democracy Winning and Losing at the Ballot
Main Findings
42 countries undergoing autocratization
35% of world's population in autocratizing countries
71% living in autocracies, up from 48% a decade ago
Declines in Eastern Europe, South Asia, Central Asia
Freedom of expression, clean elections, association most affected
31 out of 60 countries with elections experiencing decline
Released in March 2024
To assess state of democracy worldwide
Classification of Regimes
Liberal Democracy, Electoral Democracy
Electoral Autocracy, Closed Autocracy
Liberal Democratic Index (LDI)
Based on 71 indicators
Includes Liberal Component Index, Electoral Democracy Index
Egalitarian, Participatory, Deliberative Component Indices
Key Points
Democracy levels decreased globally
Autocratization increased
Focus on democratization and autocratization trends
Indian Context
India as Electoral Autocracy
Since 2018
Among top 10 worst autocratizers
Decline in democracy scores
Freedom of expression
Media independence
Social media crackdowns
Opposition intimidation
Government Actions
Use of laws on sedition, defamation, counterterrorism
Amendment to Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act in 2019
Global focus with specifics on India, Eastern Europe, others
V-Dem Institute
Varieties of Democracy
Founded by Staffan Lindberg
Based at University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Countries Mentioned
India, Greece, Poland, Serbia, Hungary, Montenegro, North Macedonia
Analysis of 31 million datasets
Involvement of 4,200 scholars
Comprehensive assessment of democracy
Identifies trends and challenges in democratization
Rising autocratization
Decline in democratic freedoms
Way Forward
Not explicitly mentioned but implies need for global democratic resilience

The V-Dem Institute’s Democracy Report 2024 provides an extensive overview of the global state of democracy, highlighting a worrying trend of autocratization affecting 42 countries, which represents 35% of the world’s population. This year’s report, titled “Democracy Winning and Losing at the Ballot,” categorizes nations into four types of regimes based on their democracy scores and emphasizes a global decline in democratic values, particularly freedom of expression, election integrity, and freedom of association. India, which has been categorized as an electoral autocracy since 2018, is among the top 10 countries experiencing significant autocratization, facing declines in various democracy components. This comprehensive analysis draws on data from over 31 million datasets and contributions from 4,200 scholars worldwide, offering a grim view of democracy’s state and suggesting an urgent need for actions to bolster democratic practices and values globally​​​​​​​​.

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