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Low-cost perovskite solar cells

Low-cost perovskite solar cells upsc notes
Context
Indian scientists' development
At International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad
Developed Carbon-based perovskite solar cells (CPSCs)
Advantages of CPSCs
High stability
Low cost
Suitable for large-scale commercialization
What are Perovskite solar cells (PSCs)?
Definition
Solar cell type
Use of perovskite materials
Light to electricity conversion
Commonly used perovskite
Methylammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3)
Issues with PSCs
Stability issues
Exposure to heat
Moisture
Other environmental factors
Solution
Engineered MaPbI3
Enhanced thermal stability
Guanidinium iodide (GuI) incorporation
Enhanced moisture stability
5-amino valeric acid iodide (5-AVAI) for surface passivation
Resultant benefits
Stability concern resolution
Reduced fabrication costs
Accelerated commercialization potential
Significance of PSCs
Recent attention gain
Potential to revolutionize solar energy
Low-cost manufacturing
High efficiency
Flexible substrate printing

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