This year, India had hosted the United Nations Convention to Combating Desertification Conference of Parties (UNCCD COP14), in New Delhi. About 8,000 participants and delegates from across 200 countries took part in this Convention. Almost 30 decisions were agreed upon after intense deliberations. The use of the term “desertification” in the Convention to Combat Desertification gives the impression that this Convention only focuses on deserts. However, this is not true. This Convention is about the sustainable management and restoration of land – which has important positive implications for water, energy, biodiversity, and livelihoods. This year’s COP, India took over the presidency and has the opportunity to bring to the limelight this lesser-known Rio Convention. By hosting UNCCD COP14, India has become the 4th country in the world along with Argentina, Kenya, and Germany to have convened all three COPs under the Rio Convention of 1992. These include the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) and the UNCCD.
Recently, Uganda became the first African country to submit Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) results to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). According to Food and Agriculture Organization, the result submission paved the way for result based payments to the country. In this context, it is important to study REDD+ and its role in climate action.
According to a new article in Nature Climate Change, more than a third of all deaths between 1991 and 2018 in which heat played a role were attributable to human-induced global warming. Overall, the estimates show that 37% of all heat-related deaths in the recent summer periods were attributable to the warming of the planet due to anthropogenic activities. Similarly, the recent incident of a rare late frost in April on some of France’s best-known and most prestigious wine-producing regions considered to be an agricultural catastrophe can be attributed to global warming. Such events are not isolated weather catastrophes but they are a warning of the climate change that is taking place continuously. Climate change is causing more frequent and intense weather events according to a report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre. Rising extreme weather events like tropical cyclones and others in India and other parts of the world are pointing to the looming crisis that climate change is making the world face. It is a crucial time that world leaders pay heed to and take effective measures to combat climate change as early as possible.