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Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI)

Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) mind map
Recent News
January 2024
Inaugural 'Inland Waterways Development Council' meeting
Hosted by IWAI
Location
Kolkata
Date
January 8, 2024
On vessel MV Ganga Queen
Hosted under Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways
When
Established on October 27, 1986
Why
Development and regulation of inland waterways
For shipping and navigation
What
Statutory authority
Under IWAI Act-1985
Headquarters
Noida, Uttar Pradesh
Network
Rivers, canals, backwaters, creeks
Navigable length 14,500 km
Functions
Infrastructure building
Surveying economic feasibility
Administration
Projects
National Waterway 1
Varanasi-Haldia stretch
World Bank investment
Recent Initiatives
"Harit Nauka" Guidelines
"River Cruise Tourism Roadmap 2047"
Goals
Increase IWT modal share from 2% to 5%
Increase IWT cargo volume from 120 to 500 MTPA
Where
Regional Offices
Patna, Kolkata, Guwahati, Kochi
Sub-offices
Prayagraj, Varanasi, Bhagalpur, Farrakka, Kollam
Who
Government of India
Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways
Road Transport and Highways
How
Grant from Ministry of Shipping
Collaborative efforts
Signing MoUs
Pros/Significance
Comprehensive development of waterways
Improved cargo efficiency
Enhanced passenger movement
Promotion of river cruise tourism
Cons and/or Challenges
Under-utilization of freight transportation
Limited organized cargo transportation
Way Forward
IWDC establishment
Addressing vital issues in waterways development
Sustainable practices
State and Union Territories participation

The Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is a statutory body established by the Government of India in 1986, responsible for the development and regulation of inland waterways for shipping and navigation. It functions under the Ministry of Ports, Shipping, and Waterways, with its headquarters in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. IWAI’s network includes an extensive array of rivers, canals, backwaters, and creeks, with a total navigable length of 14,500 km. However, freight transportation via these waterways is significantly under-utilized in India.

In January 2024, IWAI hosted the inaugural ‘Inland Waterways Development Council’ meeting in Kolkata, emphasizing the comprehensive development of India’s inland waterways. This meeting included the unveiling of “Harit Nauka – Guidelines for Green Transition of Inland Vessels” and the “River Cruise Tourism Roadmap 2047.” These initiatives are part of IWAI’s broader objectives, such as increasing the modal share of Inland Water Transportation (IWT) from 2% to 5% and elevating the IWT cargo volume significantly.

IWAI’s role encompasses building necessary infrastructure in waterways, surveying the economic feasibility of new projects, and administration. The recent initiatives and projects under IWAI reflect India’s commitment to enhancing its inland waterways for improved cargo efficiency, passenger movement, and the promotion of eco-friendly and sustainable practices in waterway transportation​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​.

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