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GS Paper 3 Question Paper (Analysis & Solutions) – UPSC Civil Services Mains 2023

UPSC Mains GS3 Question Paper 2023 (Analysis & Solutions)

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  1. Faster economic growth requires increased share of the manufacturing sector in GDP, particularly of MSMEs. Comment on the present policies of the Government in this regard. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  2. What is the status of digitalization in the Indian economy? Examine the problems faced in this regard and suggest improvements. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  3. How does e-Technology help farmers in production and marketing of agricultural produce? Explain it. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  4. State the objectives and measures of land reforms in India. Discuss how land ceiling policy on landholding can be considered as an effective reform under economic criteria. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  5. Introduce the concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI). How does AI help clinical diagnosis? Do you perceive any threat to the privacy of the individual in the use of AI in healthcare? (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  6. Discuss several ways in which microorganisms can help in meeting the current fuel shortage. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  7. Dam failures are always catastrophic, especially on the downstream side, resulting in a colossal loss of life and property. Analyze the various causes of dam failures. Give two examples of large dam failures. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  8. What is oil pollution? What are its impacts on the marine ecosystem? In what way is oil pollution particularly harmful for a country like India? (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  9. ‘Winning of Hearts and Minds’ in terrorism-affected areas is an essential step in restoring the trust of the population. Discuss the measures adopted by the Government in this respect as part of the conflict resolution in Jammu and Kashmir. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  10. The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by our adversaries across the borders to ferry arms / ammunitions, drugs, etc., is a serious threat to the internal security. Comment on the measures being taken to tackle this threat. (Answer in 150 words) – 10 Marks
  11. Most of the unemployment in India is structural in nature. Examine the methodology adopted to compute unemployment in the country and suggest improvements. (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  12. Distinguish between ‘care economy’ and ‘monetized economy’. How can care economy be brought into monetized economy through women empowerment? (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  13. Explain the changes in cropping pattern in India in the context of changes in consumption pattern and marketing conditions. (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  14. What are the direct and indirect subsidies provided to farm sector in India? Discuss the issues raised by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in relation to agricultural subsidies. (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  15. The adoption of electric vehicles is rapidly growing worldwide. How do electric vehicles contribute to reducing carbon emissions and what are the key benefits they offer compared to traditional combustion engine vehicles? (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  16. What is the main task of India’s third moon mission which could not be achieved in its earlier mission? List the countries that have achieved this task. Introduce the subsystems in the spacecraft launched and explain the role of the ‘Virtual Launch Control Centre’ at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre which contributed to the successful launch from Sriharikota. (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  17. Comment on the National Wetland Conservation Programme initiated by the Government of India and name a few India’s wetlands of international importance included in the Ramsar Sites. (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  18. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has predicted a global sea level rise of about one metre by AD 2100. What would be its impact in India and the other countries in the Indian Ocean region? (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  19. What are the internal security challenges being faced by India? Give out the role of Central Intelligence and Investigative Agencies tasked to counter such threats. (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks
  20. Give out the major sources of terror funding in India and the efforts being made to curtail these sources. In the light of this, also discuss the aim and objective of the ‘No Money for Terror (NMFT)’ Conference recently held at New Delhi in November 2022. (Answer in 250 words) – 15 marks

This topic of “GS Paper 3 Question Paper (Analysis & Solutions) – UPSC Civil Services Mains 2023” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

GS3 Syllabus Mapping

Based on the UPSC mains GS3 syllabus, we have categorized each of the questions as per their relevant topics:

QuestionRelevant Topic in GS3 Syllabus
Faster economic growth requires…Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
What is the status of digitalization…Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
How does e-Technology help farmers…E-technology in the aid of farmers.
State the objectives and measures of land reforms…Land reforms in India.
Introduce the concept of Artificial Intelligence (AI)…Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
Discuss several ways in which microorganisms…Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
Dam failures are always catastrophic…Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
What is oil pollution?…Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
‘Winning of Hearts and Minds’…Linkages between development and the spread of extremism.
The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)…Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, etc.
Most of the unemployment in India…Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
Distinguish between ‘care economy’ and ‘monetized economy’…Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development, and employment.
Explain the changes in cropping pattern…Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
What are the direct and indirect subsidies…Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
The adoption of electric vehiclesScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.
What is the main task of India’s third moon mission…Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology, and issues relating to intellectual property rights.
Comment on the National Wetland Conservation Programme…Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)…Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.
What are the internal security challenges…Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
Give out the major sources of terror funding…Linkages of organized crime with terrorism; Challenges to internal security through communication networks.

Analysis & Approach

Below is a table with a brief analysis and approach to solve the questions:

Question NumberAnalysisApproach
1The question seeks an understanding of the role of MSMEs in GDP growth.Discuss the importance of MSMEs, current government policies related to MSMEs, and their impact on economic growth.
2It focuses on the digital transformation of the Indian economy.Highlight the present scenario of digitalization, its issues, and suggested measures for improvement.
3It’s about the application of e-Technology in agriculture.Discuss different e-Technologies for farmers, their benefits in production and marketing, and provide examples.
4About the land reforms in India.Explain the objectives and measures of land reforms, and discuss the effectiveness of the land ceiling policy.
5A query about AI in healthcare.Introduce AI, explain its application in clinical diagnosis, and delve into potential privacy issues.
6Microorganisms and alternative fuels.Discuss different methods where microorganisms can be utilized for fuel, explaining their benefits and potential implications.
7Concerning dam failures.Analyze reasons for dam failures, providing two examples and the consequences.
8About oil pollution’s impact.Define oil pollution, discuss its effects on marine ecosystems, and its significance for India.
9Strategies in conflict resolution in J&K.Discuss measures adopted by the government to regain trust in terrorism-affected areas, especially focusing on Jammu and Kashmir.
10UAVs and internal security threats.Discuss the threat posed by UAVs, government measures in place, and potential areas of improvement.
11Structural unemployment in India.Delve into the methods of computing unemployment, their effectiveness, and suggest improvements.
12Care economy vs. monetized economy.Distinguish between the two, and discuss how women empowerment can integrate the care economy into the monetized economy.
13Changes in India’s cropping pattern.Discuss historical and current cropping patterns, relate changes to consumption patterns, and the conditions of marketing.
14Agricultural subsidies in India and WTO’s stance.List out direct and indirect subsidies, discuss the concerns raised by WTO, and India’s stance on them.
15Electric vehicles vs. traditional vehicles.Discuss the rise of electric vehicles, their role in reducing carbon emissions, and benefits over traditional vehicles.
16India’s third moon mission.Explain the main objective of the mission, compare with previous missions, list countries with similar achievements, and delve into the role of the Virtual Launch Control Centre.
17National Wetland Conservation Programme.Comment on the program, its objectives, and list a few of India’s Ramsar Sites.
18Predicted sea level rise and its implications.Discuss the IPCC’s prediction, potential impacts in the Indian Ocean region, and possible mitigation measures.
19Internal security challenges in India.Enumerate the challenges, and detail the roles and measures taken by Central Intelligence and Investigative Agencies.
20Terror funding sources and efforts to counteract them.Discuss the major sources of terror funding, efforts to curtail them, and delve into the objectives of the ‘No Money for Terror (NMFT)’ Conference.
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