The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by our adversaries across the borders to ferry arms / ammunitions, drugs, etc., is a serious threat to the internal security. Comment on the measures being taken to tackle this threat. (150 words)

India faces a serious threat to its internal security due to the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) by adversaries across the borders for smuggling arms, ammunition, and drugs. To tackle this threat, the following measures are being taken:

  • Procurement of anti-UAV equipment: The Indian military has ordered nearly $19 million worth of anti-UAV equipment after the 2021 Jammu UAV attack.
  • Deployment of anti-drone systems: During the G20 Summit in New Delhi, anti-drone systems were deployed to prevent aerial strikes. The Indian Army has also issued a request for information for procuring integrated drone detection systems.
  • Increased border surveillance: India is stepping up its border surveillance to counter drone intrusions along the India-Pakistan International Border.
  • AI-powered anti-drone systems: A Hyderabad-based robotics firm has unveiled India’s first AI-powered autonomous anti-drone system, named Indrajaal, capable of protecting large defense bases and other sensitive areas.
  • Collaboration between security forces: The Indian military, air force, Delhi Police, and paramilitary forces are working together to deploy anti-drone systems to prevent aerial threats.

Way forward: India needs to develop a comprehensive counter-drone strategy involving defense forces, coast guard, border security force, and civil police.

In conclusion, India is taking significant steps to counter the threat posed by UAVs used for smuggling and other malicious activities. However, continuous efforts and technological advancements are required to stay ahead of this evolving threat.

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