How and to what extent would micro-irrigation help in solving India’s water crisis? (150 words) [2021]

Micro-irrigation, also known as drip irrigation or precision irrigation, is a method of delivering water to plants at the root zone in small, precise quantities. It has the potential to significantly improve water use efficiency and can help to address water scarcity in India in the following ways:

  1. Reduced water losses: Micro-irrigation systems are designed to minimize water losses due to evaporation and runoff, resulting in more efficient water use.
  2. Higher crop yields: By providing plants with a consistent supply of water, micro-irrigation can increase crop yields and improve food security.
  3. Improved water management: Micro-irrigation can help farmers to better manage their water resources, allowing them to allocate water more efficiently and make the most of limited supplies.

Overall, micro-irrigation has the potential to make a significant contribution to addressing India’s water crisis, particularly in areas where water is scarce or where traditional irrigation methods are inefficient. However, it is important to note that micro-irrigation alone cannot solve India’s water crisis and will need to be implemented alongside other measures such as water conservation, water storage, and demand management.

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