(a)There is a general perception that adhering to ethical conduct one may face difficulties to oneself and cause problems for the family, whereas unfair practices may help to reach the career goals.
(b) When the number of people adopting unfair means is large, a small minority having a penchant towards ethical means makes no difference.
(c) Sticking to ethical means is detrimental to the larger developmental goals
(d) While one may not involve oneself in large unethical practices, but giving and accepting small gifts makes the system more efficient.
Examine the above statements with their merits and demerits. (250 words)
As a civil servant, it is essential to navigate the landscape of ethical conduct within the framework of bureaucracy. The four statements provided encapsulate different perspectives on the challenges and purported benefits of following or eschewing ethical behavior. These statements suggest a perceived dichotomy between ethical conduct and career advancement, societal impact, and operational efficiency.
Statement (a): Ethical Conduct vs. Career Goals
- Merit: Risk Aversion: Acting unethically might expedite promotions or salary increases.
- Demerit: Moral Cost: This compromises integrity and can have legal repercussions.
Statement (b): Minority Adherence to Ethics
- Merit: Realism: In a system where many are corrupt, a single person’s ethical stance may seem ineffective.
- Demerit: Catalyst for Change: One person acting ethically can inspire others, potentially creating a larger change.
Statement (c): Ethical Means vs. Developmental Goals
- Merit: Expediency: Skirting ethics can fast-track large projects, contributing to quicker societal development.
- Demerit: Sustainability: Such gains are often short-term and can lead to long-term harm, including eroding public trust.
Statement (d): Small Gifts for Efficiency
- Merit: Streamlining: Minor exchanges can grease the wheels of bureaucracy, making processes more efficient.
- Demerit: Slippery Slope: What begins as small compromises can escalate into larger ethical breaches over time.
In summary, each of the four statements has its merits and demerits, but none offer a complete solution or present an unambiguously right path. It’s essential to weigh the short-term gains against the potential long-term ramifications and moral considerations. The complexity and ethical ambiguity of these perspectives underscore the need for systemic reform and the importance of upholding individual integrity within the civil service.