‘Winning of Hearts and Minds’ in terrorism-affected areas is an essential step in restoring the trust of the population. Discuss the measures adopted by the Government in this respect as part of the conflict resolution in Jammu and Kashmir. (150 words)

In recent years, the Indian government has taken several measures to win the hearts and minds of the population in terrorism-affected areas of Jammu and Kashmir. These measures aim to restore trust and promote conflict resolution:

  • Infrastructure development: The Indian Army’s Operation Sadbhavana focuses on infrastructure development, medical care, women and youth empowerment, educational tours, and sports tournaments.
  • Skill development: Programs like Himayat and Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) provide skill-based training courses for the youth.
  • Financial assistance: The Jammu and Kashmir government has introduced over 80 schemes, including financial assistance for business establishments and employment generation.
  • Youth engagement: Mission Youth JK is an initiative aimed at youth engagement and empowerment, providing job opportunities and connecting youth with various opportunities.
  • Grassroots peacebuilding: NGOs like Borderless World Foundation, Yakjah Reconciliation and Development Network, and HELP Foundation work on peacebuilding initiatives in the region.
  • Cross-border interactions: Initiatives like the cross-LoC bus service and trade between the Indian and Pakistani sides of Kashmir aim to promote people-to-people contact and grassroots interactions.

These measures have had varying degrees of success, but they demonstrate the government’s commitment to addressing the challenges faced by the population in Jammu and Kashmir.

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