X Chromosome Revival Raises the Risk of Autoimmune Disease in Older Women

Recent studies indicate that the revival of the dormant X chromosome in older women increases the risk of autoimmune diseases. The human X chromosome, with around 800 genes, plays a significant role in various biological processes and disease mechanisms. Aging-related hormonal changes, especially during menopause, further contribute to health issues such as osteoporosis, muscle loss, and cardiovascular diseases. Autoimmune diseases, more common in women, occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s cells. Understanding the X chromosome’s influence and developing targeted therapies can help manage these conditions better.

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