Junk DNA

New research from the Garvan Institute has revealed that non-coding regions of DNA, previously considered “junk,” may contain cancer-causing genes. This discovery, published in Nucleic Acids Research, highlights the significance of non-coding DNA, which constitutes 98% of our genome. The study focused on CTCF binding sites, crucial for DNA folding and gene regulation, and found consistent alterations in these sites across various cancers. This suggests potential universal targets for cancer treatment, moving away from mutation-specific approaches. Future research aims to use CRISPR to understand these changes better, potentially leading to early detection markers and new therapies, showcasing AI’s role in medical advancements.

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