October 2nd, 2023 holds special significance as it marks the 154th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. On this occasion, the revival of Tolstoy Farm is being celebrated as a “living monument” to honor Gandhian ideals.
This topic of “Tolstoy Farm” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.
What is Tolstoy Farm?
Tolstoy Farm is historically renowned as Mahatma Gandhi’s second ashram in the country.
Roles of Tolstoy Farm
Tolstoy Farm played pivotal roles in Gandhi’s life and his experiments with various principles:
- Experimental Laboratory: It served as an experimental laboratory for various aspects of life, including diet, nature cure, and harmonious living with nature. Gandhi’s commitment to the principles of Brahmacharya was also nurtured here.
- Satyagraha Campaigns’ Headquarters: The farm served as the headquarters for various Satyagraha campaigns. It became a hub for protests against discrimination faced by Indians in South Africa.
Who Established Tolstoy Farm?
Tolstoy Farm was established by Mahatma Gandhi.
The farm is named after Count Leo Tolstoy, the renowned Russian writer, and philosopher, who greatly influenced Gandhi’s philosophical and moral outlook.
Where is Tolstoy Farm Located?
Tolstoy Farm is located near Johannesburg in South Africa.
When Was Tolstoy Farm Established?
Tolstoy Farm was established in the year 1910.
Period of Disuse
During the Apartheid Era in South Africa, from 1948 to 1994, Tolstoy Farm fell into disuse. However, its revival now serves as a tribute to the enduring legacy of Mahatma Gandhi and his commitment to the principles of truth, non-violence, and social justice.