The latest conflict between Israel and Palestine came to an end on May 21, 2021, following a ceasefire agreement between the warring Israel and Hamas forces. This war lasted for 11 days, causing death and destruction, especially in the Gaza Strip. Though this truce survived the minor clashes in the region the following days, a permanent peace remains nearly impossible. While both Israel and Hamas claimed victory, none benefited from this deadly conflict.
Israel and the UAE have struck a peace deal to normalise the bilateral ties, with Israel agreeing to suspend its plans to annex West Bank temporarily. This historic agreement is criticised for not addressing the Israel-Palestine issue. However, it created a major geostrategic shift in the Middle East, benefiting countries like India and the US.
To India, the Persian Gulf plays a vital role in its economy as it supplies nearly two-thirds of India’s total oil import. The bilateral trade with the nations present in this region is also flourishing in recent years. Over the years, millions of Indians have also migrated to the Persian Gulf region in search of jobs and they account for a sizable share in the total remittance received from abroad. Indian External Affairs Ministry refers to this region as West Asia and not as the Middle East which is a more popular attribution in Western countries. India’s policy in West Asia has, in recent times, have become highly cordial despite the numerous differences between various nations within this region. This is because of India’s neutral and flexible approach while interacting with these nations. However, it still faces challenges due to the external influences from major powers like the US. India’s Look West Policy has been enhanced to deal with this complicated issue. This policy has enabled India to maintain strategic autonomy while also pursuing its economic interests.
The relations between Greek and Turkish states have been marked by alternating periods of mutual hostility and reconciliation ever since Greece became independent from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. The two NATO allies’ relations are currently marred by increasing military presence of both countries at the Eastern Mediterranean, where both claim oil-and-gas exploration rights.
India, for a long time, had significantly profited from its close ties with Israel and little was done to acknowledge it. However, after the 2017 visit by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, there is a significant breakthrough in the relationship, enhancing the scope of the ties. Subsequently, India has made significant steps in forging a precarious, yet necessary balance in the Middle East, ensuring that the economic and security interests are not threatened.