Chausath Yogini Temple

The Chausath Yogini Temple, situated atop a hillock in Mitaoli, Madhya Pradesh, is a fascinating historical and architectural marvel believed to have inspired the design of the old Parliament building. This 20th-century structure is dedicated to the worship of 64 yoginis, also known as “chaunsath” in Hindi, who were powerful warriors and sorceresses according to Hindu mythology.

This topic of “Chausath Yogini Temple” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.


Temple Dedicated to 64 Yoginis

  • The Chausath Yogini Temple pays homage to 64 yoginis, mystical beings known for their exceptional powers.
  • According to mythology, they played a pivotal role in the defeat of the demon Raktabija.
    • Raktabija possessed near invincibility as each drop of his blood gave birth to hundreds more like him.
    • His ultimate defeat came through the intervention of Goddess Durga, who unleashed the 64 yoginis.
    • These yoginis drank Raktabija’s blood before it could touch the ground, leading to his demise.


  • Location: The temple is perched atop a hillock in Mitaoli, Madhya Pradesh, offering a picturesque setting.
  • Architecture Uniqueness: Unlike traditional temples dedicated to a single deity, the Chausath Yogini Temple features a circular design with 64 chambers, each meant for one of the yoginis. At the center stands the shrine of Lord Shiva, a common feature in Hindu temples.
    • Shikhara: While most Hindu temples have projecting domes (Shikhara), the Mitaoli temple stands out with its hypaethral design, which means it has no roof.
    • Parliament-Like Pillars: Inside the temple, you’ll find pillars reminiscent of those seen in parliamentary buildings.
    • Central Shrine Specifics: The central shrine boasts a unique slab with perforations designed for rainwater drainage.
  • Temple Size: The temple’s circular structure spans an impressive diameter of 125 feet. However, it currently lacks some of its original idols and carvings, and many details remain unknown.


Possible Uses

  • Over the years, the Chausath Yogini Temple has served various purposes, including the study of jyotish (astrology) and mathematics.


Builder: King Devapala

  • The Chausath Yogini Temple was constructed around the year 1323, during the reign of King Devapala from the Kachchhapaghata dynasty.


Location: Madhya Pradesh

  • This historically rich temple is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.


Construction Year: Around 1323

  • The temple’s construction dates back to the early 14th century, making it a testament to ancient Indian architecture and mythology that continues to inspire awe and intrigue to this day.

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