Titan IIIC

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On June 18th, 1965, Titan IIIC was launched for the 1st time.


  • It is an ELV or expendable launch vehicle.
  • Name meaning: refers to the children of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaea (Earth), as per Greek mythology.
  • Features:
    • 1st and 2nd stages- modified liquid-fuelled
    • 2 lateral strap-on solid rockets
    • In Titan IIIA- an additional stage called the transtage with twin Aerojet engines and fuelled by Aerozine 50 and nitrogen tetroxide liquid fuel
    • In Titan IIIC (an upgrade of Titan IIIA):
      • 2 huge strap-on solid rocket boosters- >25m tall and 3m wide
      • Fuelled by aluminum/ammonium perchlorate solid fuel


  • Developed to launch payloads heavier than those carried by Atlas-Centaur.


  • Used for placing communications and reconnaissance satellites in orbit for the military.
  • Used for placing Applications Technology Satellite and other payloads in orbit successfully.


  • Mainly used by the NASA and the US Air Force.


  • Titan IIIC launched for the 1st time in June 18, 1965, from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • Used for the last time on March 6, 1982.


  • The Titan family launch vehicles started off as a large ICBM (intercontinental ballistic missile) to surpass the Atlas in terms of delivery capacity and sophistication.
  • In October 1955, the development contract for this ICBM was issued.
  • On February 6, 1959, the Titan was test launched for the 1st time. However, back then, it wasn’t modified for spaceflight.
  • Titan II, a more powerful version, was developed with capacity for spaceflight. It was successfully tested in March 1962 and declared operational in 1963.
  • It was modified as the Gemini-Titan II for launch of the crewed Gemini Project. Following this, it was used to place satellites in orbit.
  • Titan 34D was introduced in 1982, based on Titan IIIC.

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