This year, to mark the fifth anniversary of the Sendai Framework, United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction released the first snapshot of the statistics available in the online report, “Monitoring the Implementation of Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2020-2030: A Snapshot of Reporting for 2018”. Sendai Framework has proven to be significant in understanding disasters and ensuring international cooperation to reduce their risks to human lives.
Carbon neutrality has been in the news for a few months now. There is a considerable discussion on how the world takes efforts to achieve this goal. At the same time, there has been considerable focus on India’s future commitments and plans regarding the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and when the country would achieve carbon neutrality or net-zero emissions as well. With the major powers like the USA, the EU and China announcing dates to achieve carbon neutrality, all the eyes are on India what decision it takes given its developmental and climate change mitigation objectives.
India is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. However, it is consuming the limited natural resources at an unsustainable rate. India’s resource extraction is estimated to be more than three times the world average. Also, India’s material productivity is much lower than the global average. Material productivity is the ratio of output achieved compared to the inputs used. Low material productivity means the inefficient use of natural resources. It is evident that India’s economic growth is at the cost of the natural environment. National Resources Efficiency Policy seeks to solve the problem of the inefficient use of natural resources and promote recycling and reusing of available resources. With the growing demands and the increased strain on the environment, a solid policy to ensure sustainable economic growth is a need of the hour.
The Finance Minister on August this year had announced a series of measures to boost the economy and the financial market sentiments of the country. Among them was the setting up of a development bank. This comes during the time when there is an increasing call for sustainable development of the economy and the promotion of eco-friendly technologies. This announcement was in response to the economic slowdown and discouraging capital market sentiments. The idea for the establishment of a sound development bank is encouraging as it helps in providing investments on long-term projects that may have little or no profitable returns but are essential for the sustainable development of the country. This move allows for risky investments, the ones that are essential for addressing the environmental concerns, technological growth, and rural economic development.
In the wake of the COVID-19 crisis, communicable diseases have become the focus of every nation yet the concern for non-communicable diseases(NCDs) cannot be overlooked. It has been noticed during the crisis that those who were suffering from comorbidities were the worst sufferers. The comorbidities were none other than non-communicable diseases(NCDs) that made people more vulnerable to the pandemic. A modeling study published in The Lancet Global Health suggests that, worldwide, one in five people are at an increased risk of severe COVID-19 if they become infected, mostly as a result of underlying NCDs. Several countries saw disruptions in providing regular healthcare services to the patients suffering from NCDs due to the focus on COVID-19 and because the economic state of the countries was in shock. The pandemic showed the extent of the burden that NCDs pose on health resources. In such a situation, the pandemic has again brought back the focus on NCDs that need to be tackled efficiently to tackle any further risk to people’s health all over the world.