Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Amendment Bill, 2023

Registration of Births and Deaths Amendment Bill 2023
    Bill tabled
      In Lok Sabha
    Proposed legislation
      Enable generation
        Of digital birth certificates
    Makes obligatory
      For States
        Register births and deaths
          On Centre’s Civil Registration System (CRS) portal
    States required to
      Share data
        With Registrar General of India
          Functioning under Union Home Ministry
    Centralised register
      Results in efficient delivery
        Of public services and social benefits
      Helps in updating
        Other databases
    Database usage
      Update National Population Register (NPR)
      Update ration cards
      Update property registration records
      NPR data collection
        First collected in 2010
        Updated in 2015
          Through door-to-door enumeration
      NPR database
        Contains 119 crore residents
      NPR as first step
        In creation of National Register of Citizens (NRC)
          As per Citizenship Rules, 2003
    Bill proposes collection
      Of Aadhaar numbers
        Of parents and informant
          If available
          In case of birth registration
      Present situation
        Either parent can voluntarily provide
          Their Aadhaar number
            For newborn’s birth certificate
              Generated through the CRS
      Aadhaar saturation
        As on March 31
          93% saturation
            For projected national population of 138.72 crore
    Bill proposes facilitation
      Of registration process
        For various cases
          Adopted child
          Orphan child
          Abandoned child
          Surrendered child
          Surrogate child
          Child to a single parent
          Child to unwed mother
    Bill proposes obligation
      For all medical institutions
        To provide certificate
          Of cause of death
            To the Registrar
            To the nearest relative
    Avoid multiplicity
      Of documents
        To prove date and place of birth
          In the country
    Bill amends 14 sections
      Of Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969
    Inserts new provision
    Substitutes another
    New rules applicable
      To all those born
        After Bill is passed
          And becomes Act of law

The Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Amendment Bill, 2023 has been tabled in Lok Sabha as a proposed legislation.


  • The proposed legislation aims to enable the generation of digital birth certificates through the CRS system.


Centralized Registration System

  • The bill mandates all states to register births and deaths on the Centre’s Civil Registration System (CRS) portal.
  • States are required to share data with the Registrar General of India, which functions under the Union Home Ministry.
  • This centralized register is expected to lead to efficient delivery of public services and social benefits.
  • The CRS database will also be used to update other important databases, including the National Population Register (NPR), ration cards, and property registration records.

National Population Register (NPR)

  • The NPR data was first collected in 2010 and updated in 2015 through door-to-door enumeration.
  • The NPR database currently contains information on 119 crore residents.
  • The NPR is considered the first step in the creation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) as per Citizenship Rules, 2003.

Collection of Aadhaar Numbers

  • The bill proposes the collection of Aadhaar numbers of parents and informants, if available, during birth registration.
  • Currently, either parent can voluntarily provide their Aadhaar number for the newborn’s birth certificate generated through the CRS. copyright©
  • As of March 31, Aadhaar saturation stands at 93% for the projected national population of 138.72 crore.

Facilitation of Registration Process

  • The bill proposes to facilitate the registration process for various cases, including adopted, orphaned, abandoned, surrendered, surrogate, and children of single parents or unwed mothers.

Obligation for Medical Institutions

  • The bill places an obligation on all medical institutions to provide certificates of the cause of death to the Registrar and the nearest relative.

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  • The primary objective of the bill is to avoid the multiplicity of documents needed to prove the date and place of birth in the country.


  • The bill amends 14 sections of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969.
  • It introduces new provisions and substitutes existing ones to streamline the registration process.


  • The new rules introduced by the bill will be applicable to all individuals born after the Bill is passed and becomes an Act of law.


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