The Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Amendment Bill, 2023 has been tabled in Lok Sabha as a proposed legislation.
- The proposed legislation aims to enable the generation of digital birth certificates through the CRS system.
Centralized Registration System
- The bill mandates all states to register births and deaths on the Centre’s Civil Registration System (CRS) portal.
- States are required to share data with the Registrar General of India, which functions under the Union Home Ministry.
- This centralized register is expected to lead to efficient delivery of public services and social benefits.
- The CRS database will also be used to update other important databases, including the National Population Register (NPR), ration cards, and property registration records.
National Population Register (NPR)
- The NPR data was first collected in 2010 and updated in 2015 through door-to-door enumeration.
- The NPR database currently contains information on 119 crore residents.
- The NPR is considered the first step in the creation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) as per Citizenship Rules, 2003.
Collection of Aadhaar Numbers
- The bill proposes the collection of Aadhaar numbers of parents and informants, if available, during birth registration.
- Currently, either parent can voluntarily provide their Aadhaar number for the newborn’s birth certificate generated through the CRS. copyright©iasexpress.net
- As of March 31, Aadhaar saturation stands at 93% for the projected national population of 138.72 crore.
Facilitation of Registration Process
- The bill proposes to facilitate the registration process for various cases, including adopted, orphaned, abandoned, surrendered, surrogate, and children of single parents or unwed mothers.
Obligation for Medical Institutions
- The bill places an obligation on all medical institutions to provide certificates of the cause of death to the Registrar and the nearest relative.
- The primary objective of the bill is to avoid the multiplicity of documents needed to prove the date and place of birth in the country.
- The bill amends 14 sections of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969.
- It introduces new provisions and substitutes existing ones to streamline the registration process.
- The new rules introduced by the bill will be applicable to all individuals born after the Bill is passed and becomes an Act of law.