Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Amendment Bill, 2023

Registration of Births and Deaths Amendment Bill 2023
Bill tabled
In Lok Sabha
Proposed legislation
Enable generation
Of digital birth certificates
Makes obligatory
For States
Register births and deaths
On Centre’s Civil Registration System (CRS) portal
States required to
Share data
With Registrar General of India
Functioning under Union Home Ministry
Centralised register
Results in efficient delivery
Of public services and social benefits
Helps in updating
Other databases
Database usage
Update National Population Register (NPR)
Update ration cards
Update property registration records
NPR data collection
First collected in 2010
Updated in 2015
Through door-to-door enumeration
NPR database
Contains 119 crore residents
NPR as first step
In creation of National Register of Citizens (NRC)
As per Citizenship Rules, 2003
Bill proposes collection
Of Aadhaar numbers
Of parents and informant
If available
In case of birth registration
Present situation
Either parent can voluntarily provide
Their Aadhaar number
For newborn’s birth certificate
Generated through the CRS
Aadhaar saturation
As on March 31
93% saturation
For projected national population of 138.72 crore
Bill proposes facilitation
Of registration process
For various cases
Adopted child
Orphan child
Abandoned child
Surrendered child
Surrogate child
Child to a single parent
Child to unwed mother
Bill proposes obligation
For all medical institutions
To provide certificate
Of cause of death
To the Registrar
To the nearest relative
Avoid multiplicity
Of documents
To prove date and place of birth
In the country
Bill amends 14 sections
Of Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969
Inserts new provision
Substitutes another
New rules applicable
To all those born
After Bill is passed
And becomes Act of law

The Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Amendment Bill, 2023 has been tabled in Lok Sabha as a proposed legislation.

This topic of “Registration of Births and Deaths (RBD) Amendment Bill, 2023” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.


  • The proposed legislation aims to enable the generation of digital birth certificates through the CRS system.


Centralized Registration System

  • The bill mandates all states to register births and deaths on the Centre’s Civil Registration System (CRS) portal.
  • States are required to share data with the Registrar General of India, which functions under the Union Home Ministry.
  • This centralized register is expected to lead to efficient delivery of public services and social benefits.
  • The CRS database will also be used to update other important databases, including the National Population Register (NPR), ration cards, and property registration records.

National Population Register (NPR)

  • The NPR data was first collected in 2010 and updated in 2015 through door-to-door enumeration.
  • The NPR database currently contains information on 119 crore residents.
  • The NPR is considered the first step in the creation of the National Register of Citizens (NRC) as per Citizenship Rules, 2003.

Collection of Aadhaar Numbers

  • The bill proposes the collection of Aadhaar numbers of parents and informants, if available, during birth registration.
  • Currently, either parent can voluntarily provide their Aadhaar number for the newborn’s birth certificate generated through the CRS.
  • As of March 31, Aadhaar saturation stands at 93% for the projected national population of 138.72 crore.

Facilitation of Registration Process

  • The bill proposes to facilitate the registration process for various cases, including adopted, orphaned, abandoned, surrendered, surrogate, and children of single parents or unwed mothers.

Obligation for Medical Institutions

  • The bill places an obligation on all medical institutions to provide certificates of the cause of death to the Registrar and the nearest relative.


  • The primary objective of the bill is to avoid the multiplicity of documents needed to prove the date and place of birth in the country.


  • The bill amends 14 sections of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969.
  • It introduces new provisions and substitutes existing ones to streamline the registration process.


  • The new rules introduced by the bill will be applicable to all individuals born after the Bill is passed and becomes an Act of law.

Related Posts

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Home Courses Plans Account