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Public Examinations (Prevention of Unfair Means) Bill, 2024

Public Examinations (Prevention of Unfair Means) Bill, 2024 mind map
Recent News
Introduced in Lok Sabha
Date
February 5, 2024
Ministry
Personnel, Grievances, and Pensions
When
Introduced
February 5, 2024
Passed in Lok Sabha
February 6, 2024
Why
Prevent unfair means
In public examinations
Address issues
Paper leaks
Malpractices
Organized malpractices
What
Definition
Public examinations
Conducted by specified authorities
Union Public Service Commission
Staff Selection Commission
Railway Recruitment Board
National Testing Agency
Institute of Banking Personnel Selection
Central government departments
Offences
Unauthorised access or leakage
Of question paper or answer key
Assisting a candidate
Tampering with computer network
Tampering with documents
For merit list or rank finalisation
Conducting fake examination
Disclosing exam-related confidential info
Unauthorized entry into exam centres
Punishments
Imprisonment
Three to five years
Ten years for organized crime
Fines
Up to Rs 10 lakh
Up to Rs 1 crore for organized crime
For service providers
Fine of up to one crore rupees
Barred from conducting exams for four years
Responsibilities
Of service providers
Must report violations
Prohibited from changing exam centre without permission
Technical Committee
High level National Technical Committee
Develop protocol for IT security
Ensure electronic surveillance
Formulate standards for IT and physical infrastructure
Covers
Central recruitment and entrance exams
Exams like UPSC, SSC, NEET, JEE, CUET
Where
Across India
In all public examinations
Who
Dr. Jitendra Singh
Union Minister
Service Providers
Organisations supporting public exams
How
Stringent measures
To curb malpractices
Technical innovations
For online and technology-based exams
Significance
Reduces delays and cancellations
Due to malpractices
Ensures integrity
Of public examination systems
Impact
Greater transparency
Fairness and credibility
Safeguarding youth's future
Challenges
Implementation
Across diverse examination systems
Balancing
Security measures with accessibility
Way Forward
Adoption by states
As a model draft
Continuous updates
To address evolving challenges

The Public Examinations (Prevention of Unfair Means) Bill, 2024, introduced in the Indian Lok Sabha on February 5, 2024, and passed the next day, is a legislative framework designed to curb malpractices like paper leaks and unfair means in public examinations. This Bill, under the Ministry of Personnel, Grievances, and Pensions, aims to ensure transparency, fairness, and integrity in the public examination systems. It covers exams conducted by various central authorities like the UPSC, SSC, and NTA. The Bill specifies stringent punishments, including imprisonment and hefty fines, particularly focusing on organized crime and service providers facilitating malpractices. A significant aspect of the Bill is the establishment of a High-level National Technical Committee to oversee the security of digital platforms used in examinations​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​.

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