[Premium] Plastic Pollution – The Great Threat to Environment & Ecosystem

Plastic Pollution is the accumulation of synthetic plastic products in the environment to the point where they create problems for wildlife and their habitats as well as for human populations.

In 1907, the invention of Bakelite brought about a revolution in the materials by introducing truly synthetic plastic resins into world commerce.

However, by the end of the 20th century, plastics have become persistent polluters of different environmental niches, from Mount Everest to the bottom of the sea.

Whether being mistaken for food by animals, flooding low-lying areas by clogging drainage systems, or simply causing considerable aesthetic damage, plastics have attracted increasing global attention as a large-scale pollutant.

Millions of tonnes of plastic enter the seas each year, choking whales and other creatures, much of it in Asia. Plastic pollution has been found across the globe, from the most remote oceanic islands to high Swiss peaks. Microplastics/Microbeads have now also been found in tap water and human food around the world, with unknown implications for health.

This big-picture article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision.

  1. What is the magnitude of the plastic pollution problem?
  2. What are the major causes of plastic pollution?
  3. What are the effects of Plastic pollution?
  4. What are some of the international initiatives against plastic litter?
  5. What are India’s initiatives?
  6. What are the challenges in tackling plastic waste debris?
  7. What are the solutions?

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[Premium] Solid Waste Management in India – Issues & Responses

One of the most serious issues arising out of the wave of rapid urbanization and the resultant lifestyle changes is the management of domestic and industrial solid wastes generated domestically as well as in different industries adjoining or inside the cities.

Not just the amount, but the nature of the solid waste is also changing with the growing share of plastics and packaging materials.

Municipal laws regulating the urban local bodies are unable to deal effectively with the growing problem of solid waste management.

One of the most important aspects of Solid Waste Management is dealing with the garbage dumpsites/Landfills of the cities- most of them being open and nearby to residential areas.

This article explains the following in an analytical manner with a mindmap for quick revision:

    • Some Basic Concepts
    • What is the present scenario of waste management in India?
    • What are the impacts of Waste Dumping?
    • What is Solid Waste Management?
    • How solid wastes are managed in India?
    • What are the issues/challenges with the waste management system in India?
    • What are the salient features of Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016?
    • What are the Limitations of Solid Waste Management rules?
    • What should be done?

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Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017 – Pros and Cons

In order to protect the rights of women employees during pregnancy and after childbirth, Indian law makes it mandatory for most establishments to offer maternity benefits to women employees.

Maternity benefit in India is mainly governed by the Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 that applies to all shops and establishments with 10 or more employees. Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act, 2017 further increased the maternity benefits being provided under the Act.

[Table] Comparison between various Posts/Bodies (constitutional & non-constitutional) – Revise Faster

Indian Polity is one of the most scoring but difficult subjects. It means it is easy to score high marks in this subject if you have your facts right. But it is difficult to score if you have confused the facts and you will come back from the exam hall with regret even though you’ve prepared the subject well but failed to do comparisons…