Recently, India’s first indigenous nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (SSBN), INS Arihant (destroyer of enemies), has successfully completed its first deterrence patrol. It means that the submarine is fully operational now and when the signal goes out from New Delhi to INS Arihant, it should be able to launch a nuclear missile. However, experts have questioned its credibility to achieve a true nuclear triad.
The United States President Donald Trump has recently announced that US will unilaterally pull out of 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty which was signed by the US and Russia during Cold War era for banning all ground-launch nuclear missiles with the range between 500 and 5500 km. However, US accuses Russia to have developed a new medium-range missile and it has also been concerned about China which is not a signatory to the INF treaty, producing medium-range missiles.
Recently, the World Bank has released the Ease of Doing Business Index. India has jumped 23 places in the ranking at 77th position as the country made it easier to start a business, deal with construction licenses and enabled faster cross-border trading.
Recently Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled the world’s tallest statue (182 meters) of Sardar Vallabhai Patel in Gujarat. Although Sardar Patel’s valuable contribution towards Indian National Movement and Post-independence consolidation is commendable, building such a colossal statue with really huge investment (around Rs. 3000 crore) in just a few years raises serious political, economic and social concerns.
Kerala’s Sabarimala Temple issue is about the conflict between women rights and tradition. According to Kerala’s traditions and customs, women between 10 and 50 years of age were not permitted into Sabarimala Temple. However, the situation has changed when the constitutional bench of the Supreme Court on September 28, 2018, declared that restricting entry of women of menstruating age was unconstitutional.
Recently, an inter-ministerial committee on the regulation of the payments system in India has submitted its report to the finance ministry. However, the RBI has opposed its proposal to establish a separate and independent regulator for the payments sector in India.
The Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has recently released a special report on the measures the world requires to take to prevent global average temperatures from increasing beyond 1.5 degree C compared to pre-industrial times.
In August 2018, Delhi High Court decriminalized beggary by striking down some sections of the Bombay Prevention of Beggary Act, 1959, as extended to Delhi. Begging is a crime in twenty states and two union territories of India. It is treated as a cognizable and non-bailable offense. Presently, there is not a single uniform law on begging & destitution and several states have adopted the Bombay Prevention of Begging Act, 1959.