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Padma Awards

Padma Awards upsc notes
Context
Announcement by Ministry of Home Affairs
Online nominations for 2024
Close date: 15th September 2023
About
Highest civilian honours
Instituted in 1954
Objective
Recognize achievements
Public service involvement
Presented by President of India
Announcement: Republic Day
Awards period: March/April annually
Interrupted years
1978, 1979
1993-1997
Categories
Padma Vibhushan
For exceptional service
Padma Bhushan
Service of higher order
Padma Shri
For distinguished service
Historical Background
1954: Instituted two civilian awards
Bharat Ratna
Padma Vibhushan
Three classes in Padma Vibhushan
1955: Renamed as
Padma Vibhushan
Padma Bhushan
Padma Shri
Eligibility
No discrimination
Race
Occupation
Position
Sex
Government servants excluded
Exceptions
Doctors
Scientists
Award for distinguished, exceptional achievements/service
In various fields
Decoration
Awardees receive
Sanad (certificate)
Medallion
Medallion replica
Selection Process
Nomination process
Public
Self-nomination allowed
Recommendations by Padma Awards Committee
Constituted by PM annually
Headed by Cabinet Secretary
Members
Home Secretary
President's Secretary
4-6 eminent persons
Recommendations submitted
To PM
To President
Special Features
Maximum 120 awards annually
Excluding posthumous, NRI/foreigners/OCIs awards
No title, can't be used as suffix or prefix
Not conferred posthumously
Exception for highly deserving cases

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