[Newsbits] 21-23.02.2024: BharatGPT, Raisina Dialogue & More

newsbits mindmap notes
/ Diseases
Guinea Worm Disease mind map
Recent News
2023 Cases
Total Cases
13 Human Cases
713 Animal Infections
Country-wise Breakdown
9 Human Cases
494 Animal Infections
South Sudan
2 Human Cases
1 Animal Infection
1 Human Case
97 Animal Infections
1 Human Case
47 Animal Infections
0 Human Cases
1 Animal Infection
Animal Infections
73 Cases
Reduction in Cases
Since 1986
From 3.5 Million
Eradication Goal
Zero Cases
No Medicine or Vaccine
Historical Context
3.5 Million Cases
13 Cases
Parasitic Infection
Through Water
Dracunculus Medinensis
Parasitic Worm
Contaminated Water
With Infected Water Fleas
By Humans
In Body
Through Skin
Painful Blister
Worm Emergence
Endemic Regions
The Carter Center
Eradication Program Leadership
World Health Organization
Global Health Oversight
Affected Communities
Rural, Deprived Areas
Prevention Strategies
Water Filtering
Vector Control
Behavior Change
Wound Care
Worm Extraction
Near Eradication
Reduced by 99.99%
Improves Lives
In Millions
Animal Infections
Dogs as Hosts
Reaching Remote Areas
Nomadic Communities
Way Forward
Continued Vigilance
Maintaining Low Cases
Comprehensive Strategies
Involving Local Communities
International Support
From Organizations

Guinea worm disease, caused by the parasitic worm Dracunculus medinensis, is a crippling ailment transmitted through drinking water contaminated with infected water fleas. Once prevalent with 3.5 million cases in the mid-1980s across Africa and Asia, the disease has seen a dramatic reduction, with only 13 human cases reported worldwide in 2023. The Carter Center, leading the eradication efforts since 1986, has brought the disease to the brink of eradication without the use of medicine or vaccines, relying instead on community-based interventions like surveillance, education, water filtering, and vector control. Although the disease is rarely fatal, it leads to severe disability and affects the most deprived and isolated communities. The final push towards complete eradication faces challenges such as animal infections, especially in dogs, and reaching remote or nomadic communities.

/ Governance
Press Sewa Portal mind map
Recent News
Draft Press and Registration of Periodicals Rules
Released for public consultation
Until February 4, 2024
PRP Act notified
On December 29, 2023
Replaced Press and Registration of Books Act
From 1867
Modernize and streamline
Registration and regulation of periodicals
Increase efficiency
Reduce administrative burden
E-version upload requirement
Within 48 hours of publication
Physical copies submission
To state PIB offices by 5th of following month
Press Registrar General
Authorized for inspections and audits
Online registration
Via Press Sewa Portal
Application fee
Rs. 1,000 for registration
Paid on Bharat Kosh
Applicable in
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
Press Registrar General
Responsible for regulation
Online application
For registration
Electronic version uploading
Physical delivery
Of publications
Simplified registration process
Faster operations
Transparent procedures
Faceless audit system
Reducing red tape
Concerns raised
By Editors Guild of India
Potential impact
On press freedom
Way Forward
Continuous evaluation
Feedback implementation
During rules implementation

The Press Sewa Portal, introduced under the Press and Registration of Periodicals Act, 2023 by the Indian Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, is a digital platform designed to streamline the registration and regulation of periodicals in India. It mandates publishers to upload e-versions of their publications within 48 hours and submit physical copies monthly to the Press Information Bureau. Aimed at modernizing the process and making it more efficient, the portal also allows for faceless audits and inspections by the Press Registrar General. While it promises operational efficiency and transparency, concerns have been raised about its potential impact on press freedom.

BharatGPT mind map
Recent News
Launched by CoRover.ai
Collaboration with Reliance Jio, IIT Bombay
Launched in 2024
To create India-centric AI
Address linguistic diversity in India
Generative AI
Text, Voice, Video capabilities
Multilingual Support
Over 12 Indian languages
Empowering diverse communication
Omni-Channel Platform
Integration with web, WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger
Data Localisation
Data kept within India
Fine-Tuned for Indian Users
Tailored to Indian market and user behavior
Developed and Hosted in India
IIT Bombay
Other IITs and IIITs
IIM Indore
Seetha Mahalaxmi Healthcare (SML)
Key Personalities
Prof. Narendra Ahuja, University of Illinois
Prof. Bhiksha Raj, Carnegie Mellon University
Akash Ambani, Reliance Jio
Saurabh Kumar Chaubey, IIITD Foundation
Utilizes CoRover's Conversational AI platform
Multi-layered NLP approach
Focus on data security and efficiency
Addresses India's language diversity
Data security with localisation
Boost to Indian AI ecosystem
Tailored for Indian context and users
Computational resource demands
Data quality and biases
Domain-specific adaptation
Way Forward
Expansion into various business sectors
Primarily telecom and retail
Integration with Reliance Jio services
Including media, commerce, communication
Development of Indian AI operating systems
E.g., for television

BharatGPT, developed by CoRover.ai in collaboration with Reliance Jio and several Indian institutes of technology like IIT Bombay, represents a significant step in India’s journey towards creating a tailored AI ecosystem. This generative AI platform is unique in its multilingual capabilities, supporting over 12 Indian languages, and is fine-tuned specifically for the Indian user base. It stands out for its data localization commitment, ensuring that all data remains within India’s borders, thereby aligning with the country’s data security and privacy norms. BharatGPT is versatile in its application, supporting text, voice, and video, and is designed to cater to diverse sectors, with a particular focus on telecom and retail, fields where Reliance is a key player.

Raisina Dialogue Conference 2024 mind map
February 21-23, 2024
New Delhi, India
Observer Research Foundation
Ministry of External Affairs, India
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Former Heads of State
Serving Ministers
Military Commanders
Industry Leaders
Technology Innovators
Strategic Affairs Scholars
Representatives from 100+ countries
Addressing global challenges
Fostering international cooperation
Thematic Pillars
Tech Frontiers
Regulations & Realities
Peace with the Planet
Invest & Innovate
War & Peace
Armouries & Asymmetries
Decolonising Multilateralism
Institutions & Inclusion
Post-2030 Agenda
People & Progress
Defending Democracy
Society & Sovereignty
Multi-stakeholder, cross-sectoral discussions
Digital and in-person participation
Over 2500 in-person participants
Millions engaging via digital platforms
Promotes global dialogue
Encourages cross-sectoral cooperation
Platform for varied international perspectives
Managing diverse viewpoints
Implementing outcomes globally
Way Forward
Continued international dialogue
Collaboration on shared global issues

The Raisina Dialogue Conference 2024, held from February 21-23 in New Delhi, is a prominent international forum on geopolitics and geo-economics. Organized by the Observer Research Foundation and India’s Ministry of External Affairs, it brings together global leaders, including India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis. The conference focuses on pressing global issues through six thematic pillars: technological advancements, environmental sustainability, contemporary warfare, redefining multilateralism, future development agendas, and the resilience of democracy. It facilitates multi-stakeholder discussions with over 2500 participants and millions engaging digitally, highlighting its importance as a platform for international cooperation and dialogue on critical world matters.

India Approves 100% FDI in Space Sector mind map
Recent News
Union Cabinet approval
21 Feb 2024
Prime Minister
Shri Narendra Modi
Press Information Bureau (PIB) Delhi
Policy Announcement
21 Feb 2024
Atmanirbhar Bharat
Economic Growth
Investment Increase
Income Boost
Employment Generation
Satellite Sub-Sector
Three Activities
FDI Limit
Satellites-Manufacturing & Operation
Up to 74% (Automatic route)
Launch Vehicles, Spaceports
Up to 49% (Automatic route)
Components Manufacturing
100% (Automatic route)
Indian Space Sector
Union Cabinet
Prime Minister
Shri Narendra Modi
Regulatory Body
Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre
Policy Reform
Enhancing Business Ease
FDI Inflow Contribution
Private Sector Role
From Vendor to Collaborator
Government Initiatives
Level Playing Field Creation
Economic Benefits
Employment Creation
Technology Absorption
Global Integration
Indian Companies
Global Value Chains
Initiatives Support
Make In India
Atmanirbhar Bharat
Market Dominance Risk
Foreign Companies
Local Competitors Squeeze Out
Economic Vulnerability
Excessive Foreign Dependence
National Security
Regulatory Framework Importance
Way Forward
Balanced Regulation
Investment Attraction
National Interest Protection

The Indian government’s recent policy to approve 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the space sector marks a significant shift towards liberalizing the sector. Announced on February 21, 2024, the policy aims to bolster the Atmanirbhar Bharat vision by increasing investment, income, and employment. It categorizes investment opportunities in the space sector into three segments, allowing different levels of FDI under automatic and government routes. The policy, overseen by the Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe), aims to transform the role of private players from mere vendors to collaborators in space activities. While the move promises economic benefits and global integration, it also raises concerns about potential market dominance by foreign companies and the need for balanced regulations to protect national interests.

Terahertz Tags to Spot Product Tampering mind map
Recent News
MIT Researchers' Innovation
Next-Gen Cryptographic ID Tags
Utilize Terahertz Waves
Research and Development Date
Not specified
Combat Product Tampering
Secure Authenticity
Prevent Counterfeit Transfer
Terahertz Tags
Tiny Size
Approximately 4 Square Millimeters
Unique Pattern Creation
Metallic Particles in Adhesive
Unreplicable Fingerprint
Improved Security
Over Traditional RFIDs
Machine Learning Model
Detects Pattern Fingerprints
Accuracy Over 99%
Application Areas
Items Too Small for RFIDs
Certain Medical Devices
Developers and Contributors
MIT's Terahertz Integrated Electronics Group
Energy-Efficient Circuits and Systems Group
Associate Professor Ruonan Han
Graduate Student Eunseok Lee
Operational Mechanism
Terahertz Waves Detect Unique Pattern
Initial Reading Stored in Cloud
High Transmission Loss
Limited Range
Close Proximity Requirement
Enhanced Security Features
Difficult to Duplicate
Almost Impossible to Transfer
Potential Applications
ID, Security, and Authentication
Range Limitation
Proximity Requirement for Reading
Transmission Loss of Terahertz Waves
Way Forward
Extension of Terahertz Waves' Reach
Address Current Limitations
Broaden Application Scope

Terahertz tags, developed by MIT researchers, represent a groundbreaking advancement in combating product tampering and counterfeit transfer. These tiny tags, only about 4 square millimeters in size, create a unique, unreplicable pattern using metallic particles in their adhesive, acting like a fingerprint for authentication. They offer enhanced security compared to traditional RFIDs and are especially useful for small items like certain medical devices. The tags are read using terahertz waves, and their authenticity is verified with a machine-learning model boasting over 99% accuracy. However, they do have limitations, such as a short range of effectiveness and high transmission loss. The researchers are working on extending the reach of terahertz waves to overcome these challenges and widen their application in security and authentication.

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