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National Broadcasting Day 2023

National Broadcasting Day 2023
News
Observance of National Broadcasting Day 2023
What
National day to create awareness of the impact of radio
When
Observed on July 23rd
Marking start of organized radio broadcasts in India
In 1927
Establishment of India Broadcasting Company
1st radio company in the country
Liquidation of the company in <3 years
In April 1930
Establishment of Indian Broadcasting Service
Renamed as All India Radio on June 8th
Placed under Department of Information and Broadcasting in 1941
By the time of Independence
AIR had 6 stations
Delhi
Mumbai
Kolkata
Chennai
Lucknow
Tiruchirapalli
Broadcasting started on 23rd July 1977
In Chennai
Since 1956
AIR officially known as Akashvani
Name derived from a 1938 poem by Rabindranath Tagore
Facts
Akashvani tune composed by Walter Kauffman
An Indian Jewish refugee
In 1930

National Broadcasting Day is observed on July 23rd to create awareness of the impact of radio broadcasting. It marks the start of organized radio broadcasts in India, which began in 1927 with the establishment of the India Broadcasting Company, the country’s first radio company. Although it was later liquidated within three years, radio broadcasting in India continued to grow, leading to the establishment of the Indian Broadcasting Service in April 1930, which was later renamed as All India Radio (AIR) on June 8th. Over the years, AIR expanded and became an integral part of the Department of Information and Broadcasting in 1941, eventually becoming one of India’s primary broadcasting networks.

This topic of “National Broadcasting Day 2023” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

Historical Timeline

  • 1927: Establishment of India Broadcasting Company, the first radio company in India, leading to the commencement of organized radio broadcasts.
  • April 1930: The establishment of Indian Broadcasting Service.
  • June 8th: Indian Broadcasting Service renamed as All India Radio (AIR).
  • 1941: AIR placed under the Department of Information and Broadcasting.
  • By the time of Independence: AIR had six stations located in Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Lucknow, and Tiruchirapalli.
  • July 23rd, 1977: Broadcasting began in Chennai.
  • Since 1956: AIR officially known as Akashvani, a name derived from a 1938 poem by Rabindranath Tagore.

Facts

  • The iconic Akashvani tune, which is synonymous with All India Radio, was composed by Walter Kauffman, an Indian Jewish refugee, in 1930. This tune has become a significant part of Indian radio culture and history.

National Broadcasting Day is an important occasion to recognize the transformative role of radio in India’s media landscape and its contribution to the dissemination of information and entertainment across the nation. As radio continues to evolve alongside other forms of media, its legacy as a powerful medium of communication remains integral to India’s cultural and communication heritage.

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