IUCN Red List Report on Extinction Threat to Freshwater Fish

'IUCN Red List Report on Extinction Threat to Freshwater Fish' Mindmap:-
Date of Release
11 December 2023
During COP28 UN Climate Conference
Climate Change Impact
Illegal Logging
Trade on Mahogany
Dams and Water Extraction
Invasive Species and Disease
Habitat Degradation
IUCN Red List Update
Total Species Assessed
Threatened with Extinction
Freshwater Fish Assessment
At Risk Species
25% of Freshwater Fish
Threatened by Climate Change
17% of Threatened Species
Specific Species Status
Atlantic Salmon
Moved from Least Concern to Near Threatened
Central South Pacific Green Turtle
East Pacific Green Turtle
Scimitar-Horned Oryx
From Extinct in the Wild to Endangered
Saiga Antelope
From Critically Endangered to Near Threatened
Big Leaf Mahogany
From Vulnerable to Endangered
India Specific
Freshwater Fish in Kerala
Newly Listed
Four Species
Endangered Status
Three Species
Vulnerable Status
One Species
Total Species in India on Red List
858 Freshwater Fish
Affected Regions
Northern Europe
North America
Sahel Region of Africa
Central and South America
Specific Locations
Lake Turkana, Kenya
Chalakkudy River and Thekkady Reservoir, India
Indian Context
Western Ghats
IUCN SSC Freshwater Fish Specialist Group
IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group
Botanic Gardens Conservation International
Nature Serve
IUCN Species Survival Commission
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Senckenberg Research Institute and Museum Frankfurt
Nick Measham, Chief Executive
Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies
Dr Rajeev Raghavan, Assistant Professor
Conservation Efforts
Scimitar-Horned Oryx Reintroduction
Saiga Antelope Population Recovery
Threat Mitigation
Protecting Freshwater Ecosystems
Managing Water Quality
Addressing Illegal Timber Trade
Public Awareness
Workshops and Classes
Education on Species Protection
Biodiversity Protection
Ecosystem Resilience
Food Security
Climate Resilience
Cultural and Economic Importance
Environmental Threats
Population Growth
River Engineering
Dam Construction
Climate Change
Rising Sea Levels
Temperature Fluctuations
Habitat Changes
Legal and Enforcement Challenges
Illegal Logging and Fishing
Lack of Awareness
Insufficient Legal Protection
Socioeconomic Factors
Food Insecurity
Way Forward
Freshwater Challenge at COP28
38 Countries Joined
Ambitious Protection and Restoration Initiative
Strategic Conservation Actions
Long-Term Commitment
Effective Conservation Approaches
Dedicated Species Recovery Actions
Enhancing Global Partnerships
International Collaborations
Involving Local Communities
Scaling Up Conservation Investments
Protecting and Restoring Ecosystems
Implementing Anti-Poaching Measures
Trade Controls

Summary: On December 11, 2023, during the COP28 UN Climate Conference, the IUCN released a concerning report about the extinction threat to freshwater fish. The update highlighted that out of 157,190 species assessed, 44,016 are threatened with extinction. Specifically, 25% of freshwater fish are at risk, with climate change affecting 17% of these threatened species. The report noted changes in the status of several species: the Atlantic Salmon moved to ‘Near Threatened’, the Central South Pacific Green Turtle is now ‘Endangered’, while the Saiga Antelope improved from ‘Critically Endangered’ to ‘Near Threatened’. In India, particularly Kerala and the Western Ghats, new assessments listed four freshwater fish species, with three categorized as ‘Endangered’ and one as ‘Vulnerable’. Various organizations are involved in conservation efforts, including reintroduction and recovery programs, and addressing threats like illegal logging, overfishing, and pollution. The report emphasizes the need for global partnerships, increased conservation investments, and strategic actions for biodiversity protection, ecosystem resilience, and tackling climate change and environmental threats.

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