Vechur Cow

Vechur Cow mind map
Recent News
Sosamma Iype honored
Padma Shri for native cow breed conservation
Genome decoding
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research
Identified gene variations
Milk quality
Disease resistance
Promotion of native breeds
Importance of genetic diversity
Benefits of indigenous cattle
Named after
Vechoor village
Kottayam district
Kerala, India
Bos indicus species
Size and Characteristics
World's smallest cattle breed
Guinness World Records recognition
Average size
Length: 124 cm
Height: 87 cm
Around 130 kg
Varied, commonly light red or black
Small, backward-curved horns
Long, narrow face
Milk Production
Up to 3 liters/day
High medicinal value
Ayurveda and scientific studies support
Contains A2 beta casein
Beneficial over A1 variant
Conservation Efforts
Sosamma Iype's role
1989 conservation unit establishment
1998 Vechur Conservation Trust formation
FAO Critical-Maintained Breeds List in 2000
1997 Roslin Institute patent dispute
Alleged genetic code piracy
Claims found baseless
Significance and Uses
Medicinal properties
Milk and Ghee
High disease resistance
Cultural importance
Once given as wedding gifts
Current Status
Over 5,000 cows in India
Focused conservation and breeding programs
Partnerships with national and international organizations

The Vechur cow, originating from the village of Vechoor in Kerala, India, is renowned for being the world’s smallest cattle breed, a status confirmed by the Guinness World Records. This breed is characterized by its diminutive stature, with an average length of 124 cm and height of 87 cm, and a weight of around 130 kg. Despite their small size, Vechur cows are prolific milk producers, yielding up to 3 liters per day. This milk is noted for its medicinal properties, supported by both Ayurvedic tradition and scientific research, particularly due to its A2 beta casein content, which is associated with health benefits over the A1 variant found in most commercial dairy products.

Conservation efforts for the Vechur cow have been significant, led by Sosamma Iype and her team since 1989, culminating in the formation of the Vechur Conservation Trust in 1998. These efforts were recognized when the breed was listed on the FAO’s World Watch List of Domestic Animal Diversity in the ‘Critical-Maintained Breeds List’ in 2000, highlighting the breed’s risk of extinction and the urgent need for its preservation.

Controversy once surrounded the Vechur cow in 1997 when environmentalist Vandana Shiva accused The Roslin Institute in Scotland of attempting to patent the cow’s genetic code, a charge that was later found to be baseless. Today, the Vechur cow is celebrated not only for its unique size and the medicinal value of its milk but also as a symbol of successful conservation efforts, with more than 5,000 cows now found across India. These cows continue to be a focus of conservation and breeding programs, supported by partnerships with various national and international organizations​

Related Posts

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Home Courses Plans Account