India – Peru Trade Agreement

In recent news, a special round of virtual negotiations has taken place on 10th-11th October, with the aim of furthering the trade relationship between India and Peru.

This topic of “India – Peru Trade Agreement” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

The India-Peru Trade Agreement: What is it?


The India-Peru Trade Agreement is a bilateral accord aimed at fostering trade and investment between the two nations.

Why the Agreement?


The primary objective of this agreement is to promote bilateral trade and investments, thereby strengthening economic cooperation between India and Peru.

How Does it Work?


The agreement operates by reducing or eliminating customs duties, making it easier for goods to flow between India and Peru. Its scope encompasses a wide range of goods traded between the two countries.

The Timeline

Negotiation Process

The negotiations for this trade agreement commenced in 2017 and concluded their fifth round in August 2019. However, the process experienced a temporary pause due to the global Coronavirus pandemic.

Key Facts and Figures

India-Peru Diplomatic Ties

  • Diplomatic relations between India and Peru were established in March 1963.
  • Initially, India was represented through its Ambassador in Chile, with concurrent accreditation to Peru. However, a resident mission was established in Lima in September 1969.

Trade Dynamics

  • Peru holds the position of the fourth leading trade partner of India in the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region.
  • Conversely, India ranks as the ninth largest global trading partner for Peru.
  • In the fiscal year 2022-23, the total bilateral trade between India and Peru amounted to USD 3.12 billion.
  • India’s exports to Peru reached USD 865.91 million, while imports from Peru amounted to USD 2.25 billion.

India’s Major Exports to Peru

  • Automobiles
  • Motorcycles and three-wheelers
  • Polyester and cotton yarns
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Iron and steel products
  • Plastic products
  • Rubber
  • Pipes for oil and gas
  • Tyres

India’s Major Imports from Peru

  • Gold
  • Copper
  • Synthetic filaments
  • Phosphates of calcium
  • Fresh grapes
  • Fish flour

Academic Ties

  • India and Peru have collaborated to establish the India-Peru Centre for Excellence in Information Technology in Lima, which has been operational since 2015.
  • This center primarily focuses on providing academic courses and strengthening educational ties between the two nations.

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