Consider the following statements :

1. In India, the Biodiversity Management Committees are key to the realization of the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol.
2. The Biodiversity Management Committees have important functions in determining access and benefit sharing, including the power to levy collection fees on the access of biological resources within its jurisdiction.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

  • The Nagoya Protocol is an international agreement which aims at sharing the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources in a fair and equitable way. It was adopted in 2010 and entered into force in 2014. India is a party to the Nagoya Protocol.
  • The Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs) are local bodies established under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002. They are responsible for promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity within their jurisdiction. The BMCs have important functions in determining access and benefit sharing, including the power to levy collection fees on the access of biological resources within its jurisdiction.
  • The BMCs are key to the realization of the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol in India. They play an important role in ensuring that the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources are shared in a fair and equitable way. copyright©iasexpress.net

Inputs from Environment Mindmap Notes & Current Affairs Notes & Prelims Sureshots

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