Bring out the constructive programmes of Mahatma Gandhi during Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement. (250 words) [2021]

Mahatma Gandhi’s constructive programs during the Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement were instrumental in India’s fight for independence. These programs aimed to foster self-reliance, unity, and improve the lives of the people. Key aspects of Gandhi’s constructive programs are as follows:

  1. Communal Unity: Gandhi stressed the importance of communal harmony and unity among religious groups, recognizing that a united India would be stronger in its pursuit of freedom.
  2. Khadi and Village Industries: Gandhi promoted the use of Khadi, symbolizing self-reliance. He encouraged the establishment of village industries to make communities self-sufficient.
  3. Swadeshi: Gandhi advocated for self-sufficiency through domestic production and the boycott of foreign goods, considering it integral to achieving self-rule.
  4. Student Participation: Gandhi encouraged students to actively participate in the independence movement, believing their involvement would nurture nationalist sentiments and contribute to the struggle.
  5. Rural Sanitation: Gandhi emphasized the significance of cleanliness and sanitation in rural areas, believing that improving living conditions would benefit the nation as a whole.
  6. Removal of Untouchability: Gandhi aimed to eradicate untouchability and social discrimination, working towards uplifting lower castes and tribals, as seen in the Bardoli Satyagraha.
  7. Prohibition: Gandhi advocated for the prohibition of alcohol, viewing it as a social evil detrimental to individuals and society.
  8. Basic Education: Gandhi introduced the basic education program, which aimed to provide culturally-rooted education to all children. He established the Gujarat Vidyapith, a national university.
  9. Kisan Movement: Gandhi’s Kisan movement organized farmers effectively, addressing their specific problems and advocating for their rights.
  10. Labor Union Organization: Gandhi supported the Ahmedabad labor union and nonviolent strikes. He aspired to create a similar model for labor unions across India.
  11. Integration of Women: Gandhi recognized the importance of women’s participation in the independence movement. He worked towards empowering and including women in various aspects of the struggle.

In summary, Gandhi’s constructive programs were vital in mobilizing the Indian population and propelling the freedom struggle. These programs addressed social, economic, and political issues, leaving a lasting impact on the nation’s development.

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