Bring out the constructive programmes of Mahatma Gandhi during Non-Cooperation Movement and Civil Disobedience Movement. (250 words)  [2021]


Mahatma Gandhi’s constructive programmes were a set of social and economic reforms that he implemented as part of the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement in India. These programmes were designed to address the pressing issues facing Indian society at the time, such as poverty, illiteracy, and social inequality.

During the Non-Cooperation Movement, Gandhi introduced a number of constructive programmes that focused on promoting self-reliance, economic development, and social reform. These included the spinning wheel programme, which aimed to encourage people to spin their own yarn and use it to make their own clothes. This programme was designed to promote self-sufficiency and reduce reliance on foreign imports. Gandhi also launched the Khadi movement, which aimed to promote the use of hand-spun and hand-woven cloth as a means of supporting local industry and boosting the economy.

In the Civil Disobedience Movement, Gandhi introduced a number of additional constructive programmes that focused on social reform. These included the temple entry movement, which aimed to challenge the practice of untouchability and allow lower castes to enter temples. Gandhi also launched the harijan movement, which aimed to uplift the Dalits (formerly known as untouchables) and provide them with equal rights and opportunities. He also introduced the basic education programme, which aimed to provide education to all children, regardless of their social status.

In conclusion, Gandhi’s constructive programmes were a key aspect of his non-violent resistance movements in India. They aimed to address the pressing issues facing Indian society and promote self-reliance, economic development, and social reform.

Mind map notes for UPSC
Subscribe
Notify of
guest

0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x