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Future Circular Collider (FCC)

Future Circular Collider (FCC) mind map
Recent News
Feasibility Study
Completed Midterm Review
Initiated in 2021
Full Report Due in 2025
CERN Council Discussions
Civil Engineering
Technical Infrastructures
Accelerators
Detector Concepts
Physics Research
Cost and Funding
Location Determined
France and Switzerland
Under Lake Geneva
91 Kilometres in Circumference
100 to 400 Metres Depth
When
Construction Start
Post-2035
Operational Phases
First Stage: Electron-Positron Collider, After 2045
Second Stage: Proton Collider, 2070s
Why
Succeed Large Hadron Collider
Explore Higher Energies
Extend Life of Infrastructure
Advance Particle Physics
What
FCC-ee (Electron-Positron Collider)
Operation Duration: 10 Years
Energy Range: 90 to 350 GeV
FCC-hh (Hadron Collider)
Operation Duration: 15 Years
Energy: 100 TeV
Technological Advancements
High-Field Magnets
Superconductors
Radio-Frequency Cavities
Cryogenic and Vacuum Systems
Beam Screen Systems
Detector Concepts
CLD and IDEA
Where
Tunnel Location
French Departments of Haute-Savoie and Ain
Swiss Canton of Geneva
Who
CERN
European Organization for Nuclear Research
European Strategy for Particle Physics
Recommending Body
International Scientific Community
Collaborators
How
Ground Assessments
Geological and Seismic Data
Fauna and Flora
Visual Inspection
Seismic Studies in 2024
Significance
Unprecedented Energy Levels
Advanced Research in Physics
Socio-Economic Benefits
Challenges
High Construction Costs
Energy Consumption
Political Hurdles
International Cooperation Challenges
Way Forward
Finalizing Feasibility Study
Member States' Decision in 2028
Continued R&D
Focus on Cost Minimization
Energy Efficiency

The Future Circular Collider (FCC) is an ambitious project undertaken by CERN to succeed the Large Hadron Collider. Its primary goal is to explore particle physics at much higher energies and intensities than its predecessor. The FCC consists of two main components: the electron-positron collider (FCC-ee) and the hadron collider (FCC-hh). The construction is planned to start post-2035, with the first stage of the collider operational after 2045 and the second stage in the 2070s. The project aims to extend the existing infrastructure’s life and deepen our understanding of the Universe. The FCC faces challenges such as high construction costs, energy consumption, and political and international cooperation hurdles.

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