Filariasis in India is a significant public health issue, primarily caused by parasitic worms transmitted through mosquitoes. Efforts to eliminate this disease, commonly known as Elephantiasis, have been ongoing since 1955 with the National Filaria Control Programme. The Indian government aims to eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis by 2027, using strategies like mass drug administration and vector control. Major challenges include the disease’s prevalence in 21 states and territories and its socio-economic impact. The way forward involves targeted approaches in high-risk areas and an enhanced strategy for elimination.
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