[Editorial] Reforming the Fertilizer Sector

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[Article] Natural Gas Economy – Benefits, Challenges and Way Forward

According to (International Energy Agency) IEA’s recently released India Energy Outlook, India will emerge as the third-largest energy consumer behind the US and China by 2030. Natural gas is expected to be the fastest-growing fossil fuel, in sync with the government’s aim of developing a gas-based economy, raising its share from 6 per cent to 15 per cent by 2030. India in its effort to reach the goal of a gas-based economy is taking a slew of reforms in the natural gas infrastructure and the marketing sector yet the challenges that ail the sector need immediate attention to be dealt with.

Nitrogen Pollution – The Biggest Environmental Threat

The UN Environment in its Frontiers report mentioned that Nitrogen Pollution is one of the biggest environmental threats faced by humans today and needs urgent measures from countries around the world.Nitrogen is essential for life, however, the excess nitrogen pollution has huge consequences on humans and the environment. It is 300 times more potent than CO2 as a greenhouse gas besides its negatives effects on air quality and the ozone layer.Altogether, humans are emitting a huge amount of reactive nitrogen that threatens health, climate, and ecosystems, making nitrogen one of the most important pollution issues facing humanity.However, pollution caused by Nitrogen is being overlooked by governments and they focus only on carbon emissions, thus ignoring the growing risks to health and the environment.

Food Grain Storage & Management in India

The Indian economy is currently facing a slowdown and one of the main reasons for this situation is low demand. In the Union Budget 2020, the Finance Minister had announced that the government would be investing in National Infrastructure Pipeline to boost economic growth. One of the ways to save money to invest in this ambitious infrastructure project is by improving the country’s foodgrain management system, which is facing leakages, losses, corruption and inefficiency. If these issues are addressed through efficient reforms and necessary measures, the government can save at least Rs.50,000 crore, which can be used for infrastructure projects.

Ethanol Blended Petrol (EBP) Programme – Explained

On early September this year, the Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs, headed by the Prime Minister, has approved the hike of the procurement prices of ethanol. This move comes amidst the crisis of sugar surplus and increasing tensions between Iran and the US.

This move is of significance as the high prices are being offered for the procurement of ethanol that is manufactured from all the sugarcane-based routes including the partial sugarcane juice routes. This move has also, for the first time, has allowed the use of sugar and sugar syrup for the ethanol production.

The world is currently facing high fuel prices due to the brewing tensions in the Middle East. India must take all steps necessary to reduce the oil consumption to reduce the dependence on oil imports. The promotion of ethanol manufacturing to increase its production is a need of the hour.

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