Recently, Facebook India’s policy head has appeared before the 30-member Joint Committee of Parliament which is scrutinizing the draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. But Amazon has declined to appear due to risky travel during the pandemic. The draft data protection bill was submitted by Justice BN Srikrishna committee in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) to provide for a solid legal framework on data protection in India. The bill recognizes privacy as a fundamental right with provisions to protect personal data. In December 2019, Parliament approved sending it to the joint committee.
With the rise in the use of Internet facilities and India trying to become a digital nation promoting digitization at all levels, the need for data protection has become an important issue. The Indian IT sector has a major contribution to the Indian economy and they provide services to a large number of people all over the world. With the rise of the telecom sector in India and the number of people using it, it has become evident that data protection has to be considered a necessity in India.
The Internet of Things (IoT) can become a game changer that India needs as this concept is set to disrupt almost every sector in India from smart cities and telecom to manufacturing and mobility. The rapid development in the IoT leads to the starting of the next digital revolution. However, the Internet of Things throws up many challenges like data safety and privacy. So India needs to push ahead with this concept to kick-start the radical development process with the proper regulatory framework in place to govern IoT.
According to the recent report, over a million jobs will be created in the Cloud Computing sector of India by 2022. As cloud computing is becoming more prevalent in both small and large companies, the global demand for professionals is also steadily on the rise. Moreover, firms are currently investing 4.5 times the rate of conventional IT spending in cloud infrastructure and the sector is expected to grow even faster by 2020.
India, let alone the world, is set to generate unprecedented amounts of data. A few companies have already extracted the value of this gigantic resource while others are just taking first steps. Very few countries have any regulatory mechanism in place for governing data. India is one of the few pioneering countries proactively seeking to bring in regulation in this aspect. While the Personal Data Protection Bill is being considered by a Joint Parliamentary Committee, steps are being taken to study how the non-personal data could be regulated. In July, the Kris Gopalakrishnan committee submitted a draft governance framework for non-personal data.