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Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN)

Mind Map

This topic of “Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan (PM JANMAN)” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

Background

  • Indian Government Initiative: Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Janjatiya Gaurav Diwas in Khunti, Jharkhand.
  • Focus: Aimed at aiding Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

Financial Aspects

  • Total Outlay: Rs 24,104 crore, with contributions from both the central (Rs 15,336 crore) and state governments (Rs 8,768 crore).

Beneficiaries

  • Tribal Population in India: As per the 2011 census, there are 10.45 crore tribal people in India.
  • Targeted Groups: 75 tribal communities across 18 states and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  • Beneficiary Identification: Tribal communities with scattered habitations, totaling over 28.16 lakh people in 220 districts.

Interventions and Provisions

  • 11 Critical Interventions: Includes housing, roads, clean drinking water, electricity, mobile dispensaries, and mobile towers.
    • Housing: Provision for 4.90 lakh pucca homes.
    • Roads: Construction of 8,000 kilometers of roads.
    • Clean Drinking Water: Piped supply for PVTG habitations and community supply in smaller villages.
    • Electricity: Last-mile connections for 57,000 households and solar off-grid systems.
  • Additional Facilities: Including 2,500 Anganwadi centers, multipurpose centers, 500 hostels, and vocational and skilling centers in 60 Aspirational PVTG blocks.

Related Ministries’ Involvement

  • Union Ministry of Ayush: Establishing Ayush Wellness Centers and extending Ayush facilities through mobile units.
  • Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship: Facilitating skill and vocational training in PVTG habitations, multipurpose centers, and hostels.

Related Initiatives

  • Pradhan Mantri PVTG Development Mission: Announced in the Union Budget 2023-24 to improve the socioeconomic conditions of PVTGs.

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