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Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus upsc notes
Context
Climate change and CCHF spread
What is CCHF?
Definition
Viral disease
Transmission methods
Ticks (Hyalomma ticks)
Infected animal tissues
History
Discovery
1944, Crimea
Naming
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
Threat
Public health
Potential epidemics
High fatality rate
Symptoms
Fever
Muscle ache
Headache
Bleeding
Vaccine
Current status
No vaccine
Treatment
Symptom management
Antiviral drugs (some cases)
Region
Endemic regions
Africa
Balkan countries
Middle East
Parts of Asia
Climate change contribution
Rising temperatures
Disrupted climate patterns
Favourable conditions for viruses
Disease spread mechanisms
Expanded insect habitats
Altered water habitats
Changes in animal migration
Increased human-animal contact

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