Seeds occupy a peculiar position in agriculture. They are at the root of big policy-making, scaled agricultural outputs, while also at the top of discourses on food security, livelihood and innovation. They may seem to strengthen the quality food policy but are integral to farmers. Recently, the ministry of agriculture and farmer’s welfare introduced the draft seed bill, 2019 in the parliament. It was introduced with the aim of regulating the seed industry in India and ensuring the welfare of farmers through regulating the prices of hybrid seeds, ensuring certification of seeds, holding seed companies accountable if seeds don’t perform according to the expectations, etc. It was followed by the protest by farmers all over India stating that it threatens the sovereignty of farmers over seeds.
Recently, the Ministry of Commerce & Industry reviewed and amended the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy in e-commerce in order to ensure a level playing field between offline and online sectors. E-commerce firms are needed to comply with the new guidelines by February 1, 2019.
This article answers the following questions in an analytical manner with a quick-revision mindmap:
- What is e-commerce?
- What is an E-commerce Entity?
- What are the types of E-commerce models?
- What is the salient feature of the recent amendments?
- What are the potential benefits of these amendments?
- What are the concerns with these amendments?
- What should be the way forward?
Recently, Facebook India’s policy head has appeared before the 30-member Joint Committee of Parliament which is scrutinizing the draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. But Amazon has declined to appear due to risky travel during the pandemic. The draft data protection bill was submitted by Justice BN Srikrishna committee in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) to provide for a solid legal framework on data protection in India. The bill recognizes privacy as a fundamental right with provisions to protect personal data. In December 2019, Parliament approved sending it to the joint committee.
The Parliament had passed the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 on July this year. Human rights and fundamental freedoms are vital parts of our everyday life as they allow us to fully develop our potential as human beings. Therefore, the National Human Rights Commission is a vital part of our democracy. However, 13 out of 15 positions of the chairpersons of SHRCs were vacant and the post of chairperson of NHRC also remained vacant for a long time. Therefore, this amended Act seeks to prevent the problem of vacancies of these essential posts.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in a recent move has announced that it will be integrating consumer grievances redressal under a single ombudsman as against three schemes working at present. The move comes at a time when there is an increase in digital transactions and the consumers have to face a lot of problems while getting their complaints redressed. The move is a step forward in the direction of customer empowerment and is an initiative towards providing speedy and inexpensive redressal to millions of users of India’s banking and non-banking infrastructure.