The 1st phase of Census 2021, along with National Population Register (NPR) updation, has been postponed indefinitely after the Prime Minister announced a 21-day lockdown due to COVID-19. These two exercises were to be conducted at the same time. This intention of conducting Census and NPR together by the government violates Census Act, 1948. The Census of India provides basic household and population listing based on anonymous data that is essential for the country's statistical assessment on the population's conditions and government policies. It is currently being mired by the new controversy on privacy violations by NPR. This jeopardises the credibility of census exercise, threatening the basic functioning of the governance and economy.