World Sickle Cell Awareness Day

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2023 World Sickle Cell Awareness Day observed.


  • An international day to create awareness of sickle cell disease.
    • It is a genetic disorder in which the RBCs (red blood cells) acquire a sickle-like or crescent shape, leading to blockage of blood vessels.
    • It is a monogenic disease i.e. the condition arises from mutation on a single gene.


  • India has the 2nd biggest burden of sickle cell disease.
  • It especially affects Scheduled Tribes and other socially and economically marginalized people.


  • 2023 day observed on the theme of ‘building and strengthening global sickle cell communities, formalizing newborn screening and knowing your sickle cell disease status’. This means:
    • Steps to understand the genotype associated with the condition.
    • Utilization of advanced technologies to identify the sickle cell disease status.


  • Observed on June 19th.
  • On 22nd December 2008, the UNGA adopted a resolution to recognize the disease as a public health hazard.


  • Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, under the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry, is responsible for the development agenda of Persons with Disabilities.            


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