World Physiotherapy Day

World Physiotherapy Day is observed globally every year on September 8th. Established in 1996, this special day commemorates the establishment of physiotherapy as a profession in 1951.

This topic of “World Physiotherapy Day” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

The Essence of the Day


The core purpose of World Physiotherapy Day is to commemorate the establishment of the physiotherapy profession. This day serves as a platform to celebrate and recognize the immense dedication and hard work of physiotherapists all over the world.


Physiotherapists play a pivotal role in the healthcare sector. They are instrumental in ensuring that individuals maintain optimal physical function, especially after injuries or illnesses. Their expertise aids patients in recovering and regaining their strength, mobility, and overall well-being. By observing World Physiotherapy Day, the global community honors and acknowledges the services and contributions of physiotherapists.

Theme of the Year: Arthritis

This year, the focus is on a critical health condition – Arthritis. Arthritis, an umbrella term for multiple joint-related disorders, severely impacts millions worldwide. Two primary types of arthritis being highlighted are:

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Description: Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disorder that doesn’t just affect joints but can also impact multiple body systems.

Cause: RA is primarily an autoimmune disorder wherein the immune system mistakenly attacks the body’s tissues.

Effects: The most apparent effects include damage to the joint lining, causing painful swelling, which can further result in bone erosion and joint deformity. Apart from the joints, RA can also adversely affect other body parts.

Treatment: While there are medications available to treat RA, it can lead to disabilities in severe cases.

Axial Spondyloarthritis

Description: This condition primarily causes pain and swelling in the spine and sacroiliac joint. It’s a systemic disease, implying that it can affect other body parts and organs as well. There is also a noted genetic predisposition associated with the disease.

Symptoms: Common symptoms include pain in the low back, buttocks, and hips. In children, the pain often manifests in the hips, knees, or heels.

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