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UNSC Veto Power & Gaza Ceasefire

UNSC Veto Power & Gaza Ceasefire mind map
December 2023 News
UNSC Resolution on Gaza
Proposal
By United Arab Emirates
Co-sponsorship
From 97 Member States
Within 24 hours
Focus
Immediate humanitarian ceasefire
Release of all hostages
Ensuring humanitarian access
Support
13 Council members
Including China, France, Russia
Veto
By United States
Date
9 December 2023
Reasons for Veto
Unbalanced resolution
Ignored US recommendations
Failed to condemn Hamas' terrorist attacks
Overlooked Israel's right to self-defence
Reaction
Global disappointment
Criticism of US decision
Highlighting need for ceasefire
General Assembly Action
Resolution Adoption
Title
"Protection of civilians and upholding legal and humanitarian obligations"
Vote Outcome
153 in favour
10 against
23 abstentions
Failed Amendments
Austria's amendment
US's amendment
Key Points
Immediate ceasefire
Compliance with international law
Release of hostages
Humanitarian access
International Response
Support from Arab Group
Criticism from Israel
Advocacy by Pakistan, Syria, Tunisia
UNSC Veto Power
Origin
In Article 27 of the United Nations Charter
Scope
Applies to substantive resolutions
Does not prevent adoption if abstained or absent
Controversy
Seen as undemocratic
Hinders action on war crimes
Reforms Proposed
Limiting veto to vital issues
Requiring multiple states' agreement
Possible abolition
Context of Gaza Ceasefire
Conflict Duration
Over 63 days
Casualties
More than 18,000 people
International Law
Obligations under humanitarian law
Protection of civilians
Diplomatic Efforts
By various countries
Aimed at ending hostilities
Humanitarian Situation
Catastrophic conditions in Gaza
Need for immediate relief
Way Forward
Enhanced Diplomacy
Need for effective negotiating process
Engaging all Member States
Humanitarian Focus
Prioritizing civilian protection
Ensuring consistent humanitarian aid
Accountability
Addressing violations of international law
Holding aggressors accountable

Summary:- The recent news about the veto power in the UNSC related to the Gaza ceasefire highlights the complexities of international diplomacy and decision-making within the United Nations. A resolution proposed by the United Arab Emirates, co-sponsored by 97 Member States, called for an immediate humanitarian ceasefire in Gaza. However, it was vetoed by the United States in the UNSC, citing reasons such as the resolution’s failure to condemn Hamas’ terrorist attacks and to recognize Israel’s right to self-defense. This veto led to significant global disappointment and criticism. In response, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution demanding an immediate ceasefire and compliance with international law. The situation underscores ongoing debates about the UNSC’s veto power, its implications for global peace and security, and the need for more inclusive and effective diplomatic processes.

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