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United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) Peace Deal

United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) Peace Deal mind map
Recent News
Finalization on December 29th, 2023
Central government
Pro-talk faction of ULFA
When
Formed in 1979
Peace talks since 2011
Deal signing in 2023
Why
To resolve insurgency in Assam
To address demands of ULFA
What
Financial packages
Rehabilitation of militants
Review of citizenship lists
Illegal Bangladeshi immigrants
Land and rights reservations
For indigenous Assamese
Constitutional provisions
Cultural, economic, political autonomy
Protection for indigenous communities
Original demands
Royalties from mining/oil
Border security measures
Amnesty for ULFA members
Recognition of communities as Scheduled Tribes
Moran, Muttock, Tai-Ahom, Koch-Rajbongshi, Sootea, Tea Tribes
Approval required
Parliament, Constitution amendment bill
Where
Assam, Northeast India
Negotiations in New Delhi
Who
Arabinda Rajkhowa
ULFA chairman
Anup Chetia
ULFA general secretary
Paresh Barua
Formed ULFA (Independent)
Himanta Biswa Sarma
Assam Chief Minister
Amit Shah
Union Home Minister
Tapan Kumar Deka
Director of Intelligence Bureau
Dinkar Gupta
Director General of National Investigation Agency
A.K. Mishra
Interlocutor
How
Tripartite agreement
Involvement of multiple government agencies
Pros/Significance
Ending ULFA insurgency
Stability in Assam
Protection for indigenous communities
Political and economic autonomy for Assam
Cons and/or Challenges
Existence of militant holdouts
Full implementation requires sustained effort
Way Forward
Monitoring and implementation of the deal
Addressing unresolved issues
Ensuring long-term peace and stability

In summary, the peace deal with the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) marks a significant step towards resolving the long-standing insurgency in Assam, India. After years of conflict, the central government is expected to sign a historic agreement with the pro-talk faction of ULFA. Key components of the deal include financial rehabilitation packages for militants, reviews of citizenship lists to identify illegal immigrants, land and rights reservations for indigenous communities, and constitutional provisions for cultural, economic, and political autonomy. While this agreement is a major stride towards peace, its success depends on continued efforts to address the concerns of all parties and ensure the deal’s comprehensive implementation.

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