Thiruvathira Njattuvela

  • Kerala Paddy Farmers Affected by Rainfall Deficiency

This topic of “Thiruvathira Njattuvela” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

What is Thiruvathira Njattuvela?

Thiruvathira Njattuvela is a significant period in the Malayalam calendar, holding special importance in the state of Kerala, India.

Origin of the Name

  • From “Njazhar Vela”: The name “Njattuvela” is derived from the Malayalam words “Njazhar vela,” which translates to the “hour” or “hora of the Sun.”
  • Meaning: It signifies the transition from day to night.

Weather During Thiruvathira Njattuvela

During Thiruvathira Njattuvela, Kerala experiences a unique combination of weather conditions:

  • Intermittent Rains: The period is characterized by intermittent rainfall.
  • Harsh Sun: It is also marked by the presence of a harsh sun.

Significance of Thiruvathira Njattuvela

Known for Continuous Moderate Rains

Thiruvathira Njattuvela is traditionally known for providing continuous, moderate rains to the region.

Importance for Agriculture

This period holds immense importance for agriculture in Kerala, as it serves as the ideal initiation time for various traditional planting activities.

Traditional Planting of Black Pepper

One of the key agricultural practices associated with Thiruvathira Njattuvela is the traditional planting of black pepper, a vital spice in Kerala’s cuisine.

When Does Thiruvathira Njattuvela Occur?

Thiruvathira Njattuvela typically spans from June 21 to July 4, aligning with the monsoon season in Kerala.

Facts about Thiruvathira Njattuvela

King Zamorin of Kozhikode Quote

The historical significance of Thiruvathira Njattuvela is reflected in a quote by the King Zamorin of Kozhikode, emphasizing the value of this period for agriculture.

Ayurvedic Vaidyars’ Practice

In Ayurveda, traditional practitioners known as Vaidyars utilize rainwater collected during Thiruvathira Njattuvela for preparing medicinal concoctions and herbal medicines.

Collecting Thiruvathira Njattuvela Rainwater

The rainwater collected during this period is believed to have special medicinal properties.

Other Rainy Periods

Besides Thiruvathira Njattuvela, Kerala’s agricultural calendar also recognizes other rainy periods, including:

  • Makayiram Njattuvela
  • Punartham Njattuvela

These periods play unique roles in the agricultural practices and traditions of Kerala.

Thiruvathira Njattuvela stands as a testament to the intricate relationship between Kerala’s culture, climate, and agriculture. It continues to be a crucial time for farmers and traditional practitioners, shaping the state’s agricultural practices and heritage.

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