Teesta Treaty

The Teesta Treaty is a proposed water-sharing agreement between India and Bangladesh concerning the Teesta River, which originates in Sikkim and flows into Bangladesh. The river is crucial for agriculture and the environment in both countries. A 2011 treaty proposal suggested India receive 42.5% and Bangladesh 37.5% of the water, but it was blocked by West Bengal’s Chief Minister due to concerns about the impact on North Bengal. In June 2023, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasized managing water flow rather than sharing it, which was met with opposition from West Bengal. The treaty is complicated by political, environmental, and regional cooperation issues, including China’s involvement in Teesta management projects.

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