Section 6A of the Citizenship Act

This topic of “Section 6A of the Citizenship Act” is important from the perspective of the UPSC IAS Examination, which falls under General Studies Portion.

Mind Map

Table Chart

NewsSupreme Court hearings on constitutional validityChallenging Section 6A
WhatSpecial provision for AssamAdded in line with Assam Accord
Memorandum of Settlement signed in 1985
Persons coveredEntered India between January 1, 1966, and March 25, 1971
Living in Assam
Allowed to register as citizens
WhyEnacted on humanitarian groundsConnected to liberation of Bangladesh
Deeply connected to India’s history
Address demographic changes in AssamProtests against perceived demographic change
WhereApplicable in Assam
WhenIntroduced in 1985Following Assam Accord
Cut-off datesJanuary 1, 1966 – March 25, 1971
WhoUnion government
Leaders of the Assam Movement
All Assam Students Union
HowRegistration for citizenshipUnder Section 6A
Same rights and obligations as citizens
No electoral roll inclusion for 10 years
ProsGrants citizenship to certain immigrantsBased on specific criteria
Addresses humanitarian concerns
ConsDiscriminatory allegationsDifferent cut-off date from rest of India
Excludes West Bengal
Shares larger border with Bangladesh
ChallengesSupreme Court queriesInflow of illegal migrants
Data on granted citizenship
Foreigners Tribunal cases
Border fencing extent and timelines
Petitioners’ concernsCultural identity impact
Influx of immigrants
Resource scarcity
Way ForwardSupreme Court deliberationsAssessing constitutional validity
Understanding historical context
Analyzing demographic impact
Solicitor General submissionsLimited application period
Focus on specific immigrants
Future legislation considerationsApplicability across India
Assam’s cultural identity


Section 6A of the Citizenship Act of India is a special rule about who can become a citizen in the state of Assam. It was made in 1985 based on the Assam Accord, an agreement to solve problems in Assam about people moving there. This rule says that people who came to Assam from other countries between January 1, 1966, and March 25, 1971, can become Indian citizens, but they can’t vote for 10 years. This rule was made to help people and has to do with India’s history, like helping Bangladesh become free. The Supreme Court of India is looking at whether this rule is fair and follows the constitution. Some people think it’s not fair because it treats Assam differently than other states, like West Bengal, which also has many people coming from other countries. The court is also trying to figure out how this rule has changed Assam and what should be done about people who move to India illegally.

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