Recently, Facebook India’s policy head has appeared before the 30-member Joint Committee of Parliament which is scrutinizing the draft Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019. But Amazon has declined to appear due to risky travel during the pandemic. The draft data protection bill was submitted by Justice BN Srikrishna committee in the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) to provide for a solid legal framework on data protection in India. The bill recognizes privacy as a fundamental right with provisions to protect personal data. In December 2019, Parliament approved sending it to the joint committee.
With the rise in the use of Internet facilities and India trying to become a digital nation promoting digitization at all levels, the need for data protection has become an important issue. The Indian IT sector has a major contribution to the Indian economy and they provide services to a large number of people all over the world. With the rise of the telecom sector in India and the number of people using it, it has become evident that data protection has to be considered a necessity in India.
If the twentieth century brought the Internet as a decentralized domain, the twenty-first century is noted by the fight over the control of data. Data localization is the collection, processing, and storage of all data within the national boundaries, which is gaining momentum in India.
Recently Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been launched the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM), while he was addressing the nation on India’s 74th Independence Day, an initiative which is completely technology-based and is to revolutionize the health sector in India. The National Digital Health Blueprint of the mission was prepared by a health ministry panel to create a framework for the national health stack proposed by the government think tank – NITI Aayog in 2018. Under the mission, every Indian would get a Health ID card containing all relevant information about his/her medical conditions and treatments, tests etc. For every doctor or a pharmacy, or a lab, they visit, all the detail will be registered in this health card. Ranging from doctor appointment to the medication prescribed, medical tests, when were they done, every bit of detail will be available in your health profile.
NITI Aayog’s Draft National Energy Policy had called for a single unified ministry to administer India’s energy sector. India currently has a number of ministries and government departments to deal with issues pertaining to the energy sector. This is not allowing for the optimum use of energy and is increasing the complexity of the energy-related issues. The Draft NEP is going to be placed for the Cabinet approval in the near future. Accepting and implementing the NEP’s recommendations on reforming energy governance is vital for addressing the country’s energy sector issues. However, the government should also carefully traverse the recommended reform given the hard-hitting implications on the existing bureaucratic structure.