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Niti Aayog Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

Niti Aayog Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) mind map
Recent News
Decline in MPI
29.17% (2013-14)
11.28% (2022-23)
24.82 crore escaped poverty
Faster decline 2015-16 to 2019-21
10.66% annual rate
Significant initiatives
Reduce all dimensions of poverty
States with most progress
Uttar Pradesh
5.94 crore escaped poverty
Bihar
3.77 crore escaped poverty
Madhya Pradesh
2.30 crore escaped poverty
Rajasthan
1.87 crore escaped poverty
What
Measures non-monetary poverty
12 indicators
Health
Child mortality
Nutrition
Maternal health
Education
Years of schooling
School attendance
Standard of living
Cooking fuel
Sanitation
Drinking water
Housing
Electricity
Assets
Bank accounts
Aims
Align with global MPI
Customize for India
MPI Coordination Committee
Chaired by Sanyukta Samaddar
Members from various ministries
Significance
Achieving SDGs
Before 2030
Improvements in
Health
Education
Standard of living
Reduced inter-state disparities
Challenges
Varied state performance
Data limitations
Projected estimates used
Way Forward
Continued government efforts
All-round development
Prosperous future for Indians

The Niti Aayog Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) provides a comprehensive measure of poverty in India beyond just monetary aspects. It evaluates deprivation across 12 indicators covering health, education, and standard of living. The latest report highlights a significant reduction in MPI from 29.17% in 2013-14 to 11.28% in 2022-23, indicating that 24.82 crore people have escaped multidimensional poverty. This achievement is attributed to various government initiatives targeting different dimensions of poverty. The MPI is designed to align with the global MPI while being customized for India, and a coordination committee oversees its implementation. The index’s success signifies progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) before 2030, reducing inter-state disparities, and improving overall well-being. However, challenges include varied performance across states and the use of projected estimates due to data limitations. The way forward emphasizes continued government efforts to ensure all-round development and a prosperous future for all Indians.

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