National Green Hydrogen Mission

National Green Hydrogen Mission mind map
Approved on January 4, 2022
Targeting energy independence by 2047
Net zero by 2070
Decarbonisation of the economy
Reduce dependence on fossil fuels
Aatmanirbhar through clean energy
Green Hydrogen as alternative energy
Utilization areas
Long-duration storage
Replacement of fossil fuels
Clean transportation
Decentralized power generation
Aviation and marine transport
Strategic Interventions for Green Hydrogen Transition (SIGHT)
Financial incentive mechanisms
For manufacturing of electrolysers
For production of green hydrogen
Quality and performance standards
Equipment approval required
Certification framework
For Green Hydrogen and derivatives
Supportive policies
Strategic partnerships
Domestic Demand
Minimum share consumption specified
By designated consumers
Year-wise trajectory set by Empowered Group
Pilot Projects
In low carbon steel
Production and usage
Identified regions as Green Hydrogen Hubs
Ministry of New & Renewable Energy
Overall coordination
Implementation of the Mission
Public-private partnership
For R&D
Strategic Hydrogen Innovation Partnership (SHIP)
Key players
Reliance Green Hydrogen and Green Chemicals Limited
Avaada GreenH2
Greenko ZeroC
ACME Cleantech Solutions
Other major bidders
Welspun New Energy
JSW Neo Energy
CESC Projects Limited
Sembcorp Green Hydrogen India
Aneeka Universal
GH4 India
UPL Limited
Torrent Power
Investment and capacity targets
5 MMT per annum by 2030
125 GW associated renewable energy capacity
Total investments over Rs. Eight lakh crore
Creation of over Six lakh jobs
Reduction in fossil fuel imports over Rs. One lakh crore
Abatement of nearly 50 MMT of annual greenhouse gas emissions
Policy measures
Flexibility in renewable electricity sourcing
Open access for renewable energy used in production
Single portal for clearances within 30 days
Land allotment in renewable energy parks
Manufacturing zones creation
Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) compliance relaxations
Regulated distribution licensee margins
Cost reduction in green hydrogen production
Decreased emissions
Energy security
Export opportunities
Job creation
Cost of production
Aiming for reduction to $1.5 per kg by 2030
Infrastructure scaling
Necessary for supporting capacity
Market creation
Stable long-term market required
Demand sustainability
Technological advancement
Needed for cost-effective production
Way Forward
Expansion of green hydrogen production
Technology improvement
Reductions/waivers in government taxations
Duties on electrolysers import
Goods and Service taxes
Transmission and distribution costs
State roles in domestic distribution
Policy/incentive in several states
Infrastructure, policy support and demand necessary

India’s Green Hydrogen Mission, approved on January 4, 2022, is a pivotal initiative towards achieving energy independence by 2047 and net zero by 2070. Its overarching objective is to make India a global hub for the production, usage, and export of Green Hydrogen and its derivatives. This mission includes strategic interventions like financial incentives for manufacturing electrolysers and producing green hydrogen, a certification framework for green hydrogen, and the development of Green Hydrogen Hubs. Key players in this mission include major energy and industrial companies like Reliance Green Hydrogen and Green Chemicals Limited, Avaada GreenH2, and Greenko ZeroC.

The mission aims to develop a green hydrogen production capacity of at least 5 Million Metric Tonnes (MMT) per annum by 2030, with an associated renewable energy capacity of about 125 gigawatts. This ambitious target is expected to attract significant investments, create jobs, reduce fossil fuel imports, and decrease greenhouse gas emissions. The mission also outlines policies for more flexible sourcing of renewable electricity, land allotment for green hydrogen projects, and manufacturing zones creation, aiming to reduce the production cost and scale up infrastructure.

However, the mission faces challenges in cost reduction, infrastructure scaling, market creation, and technological advancement. The way forward includes expanding green hydrogen production, improving technology, and implementing reductions or waivers in government taxation policies. Several Indian states are also playing a role in domestic distribution with their policies and incentives for green hydrogen.

In summary, India’s Green Hydrogen Mission represents a significant step towards a sustainable and self-reliant energy future, focusing on green hydrogen as a key element in the country’s energy transition strategy.

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