Model Code of Conduct

Model Code of Conduct mind map
Recent News
MCC lacks statutory backing
Strong enforcement by Election Commission of India (ECI)
Some provisions enforceable through IPC 1860, CrPC 1973, RPA 1951
Standing Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice 2013
Recommended making MCC legally binding
Valid from election schedule announcement
Continues through election
Applies throughout country for Parliamentary elections
Applies in poll-bound state for Assembly elections
Ensure free and fair elections
Prevent electoral offenses and malpractices
General Conduct
Avoid activities causing communal tension
Criticism confined to policies, past record
No use of places of worship for propaganda
Respect for every citizen's home life
Inform local police for law & order
Notify local police about details in advance
Polling Day
Collaborate with authorities for peaceful polling
Polling booth
Access limited to authorized individuals
Appointed by ECI to address complaints
Party in power
No misuse of official position for campaigning
Election manifesto
Must not contravene ideals and principles
ECI ensures observance
Applies to all political parties and candidates
ECI's observance
Official machinery not misused for electoral purposes
Ensures free, fair, and peaceful elections
Prevents misuse of official machinery
Lack of awareness about MCC provisions
ECI criticized for timing of MCC application
ECI lacks power to disqualify candidates for malpractices
Allegations of unfairness in handling complaints
Way Forward
Statutory backing recommended for MCC
Special fast-track courts for violation cases
Public awareness campaigns
Code for social media and Internet by stakeholders

The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) is a set of guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India to ensure free and fair elections in the country. It becomes effective from the date the election schedule is announced and applies throughout the country for Parliamentary elections, and within the poll-bound states for Assembly elections. The MCC covers various aspects, including general conduct, meetings, processions, polling day activities, use of polling booths, and the behavior of the party in power, to prevent any actions that could affect the outcome of the elections. While it lacks statutory backing, some of its provisions are enforceable through other statutes like the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), and the Representation of the People Act (RPA). Challenges include a lack of awareness among stakeholders, criticism regarding the timing of its application, and limitations in ECI’s powers. Experts suggest providing statutory backing to the MCC and establishing special fast-track courts for quicker resolution of violations​​​​​​​​.

Related Posts

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Home Courses Plans Account