Mission Divyastra: Agni-5 Missile Test with MIRV Technology

Mission Divyastra: Agni-5 Missile Test with MIRV Technology mind map
Recent News:
First user-trial of ICBM Agni-V conducted
When: October 27, 2021
Where: APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha coast
Why: Part of India's credible minimum deterrence policy
Induction into armed forces delayed by Covid-19 pandemic
MIRV Technology:
Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicles
Allows hitting multiple targets with one missile
Induction delayed due to pandemic
China's concerns over Agni-V's range
Agni-V Missile:
Developed by: DRDO, Bharat Dynamics Limited
Type: Three-stage solid-fuel missile
Range: 5,500 to 5,800 kilometers
Speed: 29,401 kilometers per hour
Navigation: Ring laser gyroscope inertial system, NavIC
Can carry 1.5 ton nuclear warhead
Equipped with MIRV technology
Launchable from mobile launchers
Heat shield to withstand re-entry temperature
Enhances India's strategic deterrence capabilities
Joins elite group with ICBM capabilities
Increases defense against regional threats
Concerns from neighboring countries, especially China
Technical and logistic challenges in missile development
Diplomatic tensions arising from missile tests
Way Forward:
Further development and testing of Agni-V and other missiles
Strategic incorporation into India's defense arsenal
Diplomatic engagement to address regional security concerns

The recent test of the Agni-5 missile, dubbed Mission Divyastra, is a significant advancement for India’s defense capabilities. It represents the first user-trial of the intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) Agni-V, successfully conducted from APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast. This test is a crucial step toward the likely early induction of the system into the Indian armed forces, a process that was delayed due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The missile is equipped with Multiple Independently Targetable Re-entry Vehicle (MIRV) technology, allowing it to hit multiple targets with a single launch, making it more challenging to intercept than conventional missiles. With a range of 5,500 to 5,800 kilometers and capable of traveling at speeds 24 times faster than the speed of sound, Agni-V enhances India’s strategic deterrence capabilities and places the country among a select group of nations with advanced ICBM capabilities ​​​​.

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